Week 7: The Management of Power: Theories of Balance of Power, Collective Security and World Government
Topics for Reports:
- Assumptions, Objectives and Applications of Europe's Classical Balance of Power
- The European Congresses and the Balance of Power
- Collective Security: The League of Nations and the United Nations
- A New World Order: Theoretical Assumptions
- Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce
- "Risk, Power Distributions and the Likelihood of War," International Studies Quarterly, (December 1981), pp.541-569
- Haas, Ernst
- "The Balance of Power: Prescription, Concept, or Propaganda," World Politics, (July 1953), pp.443-477
- Healy, Brian and Arthur Stein
- "The Balance of Power in International History: Theory and Reality," The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. XVII, No. 1 (March 1973)
- Inis, Claude
- * Power and International Relations, pp.3-285
- Nye, Joseph P., Jr.
- "What New World Order?" in Olson, William, The Theory and Practice of International Relations (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1994), pp.71-81.
- Walt, Stephen M.
- *"Alliance Formation and the Balance of World Power," International Security, Vol. 9, No. 4 (Spring 1985)
- Clark, Grenville and Louis B. Sohn
- World Peace Through World Law (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960)
- Gulick, Edward V.
- Europe's Classical Balance of Power (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1955)
- Hassall, Arthur
- The Balance of Power, 1715-1789 (London: Rivingtons, 1960)
- Holborn, Hajo
- The Political Collapse of Europe (New York: Knopf, 1954)
- Hume, David
- "On the Balance of Power," The Philosophical Works of David Hume
- Liska, George
- Nations in Alliance: The Limits of Interdependence (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1962)
- Quest for Equilibrium: America and the Balance of Power on Land and Sea (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977)
- "Memorandum by Sir Eyre Crowe."
- Reprinted in G.P. Fooch and Harold Temperly, eds., British Documents on the Origins of the War 1898-1914
- Nicholson, Harold
The Congress of Vienna (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1946)
Study Questions- Availability of Information and the Democratic Control of Technology, Week 7
Why is the public availability of information important to policy making for technology?
What information in whose possession does the Freedom of Information Act make available to the public? How can you get it?
What types of information are subject to "classification"? Who can have access to this information?
Classification requires a balancing between national-security considerations and considerations of the value of public information. What is the difference between the guidance given by the Carter and Clinton Administrations to classifiers in this regard?
Is too much or too little information classified? Why? Can you give examples of important abuses of the classification system?
What do people with access to classified information ordinarily do (when they do anything) if they believe that information that is classified should be available to the public? Is this a good solution? Is there an alternative?
Is the compartmentalization that goes along with secrecy in military-funded R&D an asset or a liability to the US high-technology sector? Why?
What can happen to those who "leak" classified information to the press? What happens in practice?
What is the "black" military budget? About how big is the budget for intelligence programs? Why are the amounts that are spent on these programs secret? Is this an adequate justification?
When are Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) required? What questions must they address? How are they peer reviewed? How must the final version deal with comments on the draft? On what basis can one challenge an EIS in federal court? Have EISs had any impact on public policy?