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Key Issues Nuclear Weapons History Presidential Policies Clinton Nuclear Events

President Bill Clinton - Nuclear Events


March 1993
South Africa dismantles six nuclear bombs.

Clinton continues moratorium on nuclear testing and moves in the direction of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). PDD/NSC 11

January 1994
Clinton-Yeltsin ( Russia)- Kravchuk ( Ukraine) sign a nuclear warhead dismantling agreement, giving Ukraine peaceful nuclear fuel in exchange for their warheads..

Clinton adopts the Convention on Nuclear Safety.

August 1994
Clinton establishes the Nonproliferation and Arms Control Technology Working Group (NPAC TWG) to coordinate agency activities and reduce redundant actions and gaps. PDD/NSC 27

September 1994
Clinton reaffirms US commitment to START I and II. PDD/NSC 30. 1995.8.11 [U. S. A.] Total ban of nuclear test proposed by President W. Clinton.

Clinton and Kim Il Sung (North Korea) sign an Agreed Framework, freezing the North’s nuclear facilities to eventually replace them with light water reactor facilities. The Agreement deteriorates by October 2002.

Secretary of State Madeline Albright toasts with Kim Il Sung in negotiations.

April/May 1995
The NPT is indefinitely extended and an enhanced review mechanism is created.

Clinton seeks stronger cooperation with Russia in reducing the nuclear threat and establishes the DOE MPC&A Program to work alongside the Nunn-Lugar funded Cooperative Threat Reduction program. PDD/NSC41

Clinton passes the The Ballistic Missile Defense Act of 1995.

The Senate ratifies START II, signed by George H.W. Bush in 1993.

Clinton signs the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty with Russia, UK, and 90 non-nuclear-weapon states, pledging to end all nuclear weapons testing. The US Senate fails to ratify the treaty in 1999.

White House protestors against nuclear testing would support the CTBT

Clinton reaffirms the US national space policy as prioritizing national defense and being against nuclear proliferation. PDD/NSC 49

Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-free Zone Treaty(Bankok Treaty) enters into force. The entire south hemisphere is nuclear weapon-free.

In response to a question from the UN General Assembly on December 15th, 1994, the International Court of Justice rules that any nuclear weapon threat or use is illegal (Legality of Nuclear Weapons).

November 1997
Clinton reverses 15 year US policy and calls for a nuclear deterrent without the ability to fight a protracted nuclear war. < a href= http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/pdd60.htm>PDD/NSC 60: Classified

India tests nuclear weapons in Pokaran, Rajasthan, citing fears of Pakistan and protesting the NPT/CTBT regime.

Pakistan tests nuclear weapons in Baluchistan, citing fears of India.

March 1999
Clinton updates the 1995 Ballistic Missile Defense Act to the The National Missile Defense Act of 1999.

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan presents the Hague Agenda for Peace and Justice for the 21 st Century with Dutch Prime Minister Kok, Bangladeshi Prime Mnister Hasani and Queen Noor of Jordan, calling for an end to nuclear weapons. The Hague Agenda for Peace and Justice for the 21st Century.

US Senate rejects the ratification of CTBT.

Nuclear Stockpiles