Key Issues Nuclear Weapons History Presidential Policies Richard Nixon

President Richard M. Nixon

  Life: January 9,1913 to April 22,1994
  In office: January 20,1969 to August 9,1974
  Party: Republican


Nuclear Policy

On War

Refined JFK’s Flexible Response and sought the capacity for limited nuclear war.

Called the “Schlesinger Doctrine” after Secretary of Defense Schlesinger’s speech to the press, but derived from Kissinger’s NSDM 242.
     Kissinger memo #1
     Kissinger memo #2

On Deterrence

Strategic Triad- ICBMs, SLBMs, and ALCMs
   Second Strike Capability.

US Credibility and Defense
   ABM system

On Disarmament Détente with USSR
Treaties signed/ratified; Legislation passed

1971 Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies

1971 Agreement on Measures to Reduce the Risk of Outbreak of Nuclear War

1972 Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Seabed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof (Sea Bed Treaty)

1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty

1972 SALT Accord Interim Agreement on Strategic Offensive Arms

See Nuclear Events.