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No First Use Policy Of The Declared Nuclear Weapons States

April 5-6, 1995

United States
          The United States reaffirms that it will not use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapons States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons except in the

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case of an invasion or any other attack on the United States, its territories, its armed forces or any other troops, its allies or States towards which it has a security commitment, carried out or sustained by such a non-nuclear-weapon State, in association or alliance with a nuclear-weapon State.

Russia
          The Russian Federation will not use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapon States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, except in the case of an invasion or other attack on the Russian Federation, its territory, its armed forces or other troops, its allies or a State toward which it has a security commitment, carried out or sustained by such a State, in association or alliance with a nuclear-weapon State.

United Kingdom
          The United Kingdom will not use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons except in the case of an invasion or any other attack on the United Kingdom, its dependent territories, its armed forces or other troops, its allies, States towards which it has a security commitment,  carried out or sustained by such a non-nuclear-weapon State, in association or alliance with a nuclear-weapon State.

France
          France affirms that it will not use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the NPT, except in the case of an invasion or any other attack on it, its territory, its armed forces or other troops, its allies or a State toward which it has a security commitment, carried out or sustained by such a State, in alliance in association with a nuclear-weapon State.
          In response to the requests made by a large number of countries, France has sought to harmonize the content of its negative assurances to the maximum extent possible with those of the other nuclear powers.  We are happy that this effort has succeeded.  The declarations concerning negative security assurances made by France, the United States, Russia and the United Kingdom, are now practically identical.

People's Republic of China
          China undertakes not to be the first to use nuclear weapons at any time or under any circumstances.  China undertakes not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against any non-nuclear-weapons states or nuclear-weapon-free zones at any time or under any circumstances.