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Argentina

Introduction: Although Argentina never produced or used nuclear weapons, from the 1960s to 1990s, Argentina’s uranium-based nuclear program and its ballistic missile program were the source of international concern. This concern was mainly based on the stated intention of the Argentine government to build nuclear weapons, and to proliferate missile technologies to other countries. Moreover, Argentina refused to join the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) until February 1995, and its nuclear facilities were not covered by any safeguards agreement in the 1960s and 1970s.

When authoritarian rule ended in the early 1980s, the nuclear program was placed under civilian

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control. A policy of rapprochement with Argentina’s regional rival Brazil led to the creation of a bilateral inspections body for nuclear materials and sites in both countries called the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC). Under pressure from the United States, the Argentine government began to dismantle its missile program in 1993 and joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), as well as various export control groups. The accession to the Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1994 and the NPT in 1995 led to further adherence to international nonproliferation norms.

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