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Egypt

Egypt started its nuclear energy program in 1954 with initial help from the Soviet Union and later from Argentina.  Egypt signed the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968 and ratified it in 1981 after more than a decade of delay.  In the late 1960s, evidence about Israel’s nuclear weapons capabilities surfaced, which may have delayed Egypt’s accession to the NPT. 

Egypt is not engaged in any serious nuclear weapon activities, and focuses its efforts on improving its conventional forces. 

Egypt remains the strongest pdf document critic of Israel’s status as a de facto nuclear power and urges external link for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East (MENWFZ).  Egypt put forward its first proposal for a MENWFZ in 1974. 

In early 2005, Egypt admitted its failure to report past nuclear activities and materials to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in a timely fashion.  IAEA inspections pdf document verified the lack of reporting through a series of inspections in 2004 and 2005, which removed concerns about possible nuclear weapon activities. 

 


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