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Status of Safeguards Agreement with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Excerpt from Statement of IAEA Director General to General Conference, September 2002

Since 1993, the Agency has been unable to implement fully its comprehensive safeguards agreement with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). The Agency continues to be unable to verify the completeness and correctness of the DPRK's initial 1992 declaration - specifically, that the DPRK has declared all the nuclear material that is subject to Agency safeguards under its NPT safeguards agreement. Despite many rounds of technical discussions, no tangible progress has been made. In accordance with the Agreed Framework

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between the DPRK and the USA, however, the Agency since November 1994 has been monitoring the "freeze" of the DPRK's graphite moderated reactor and related facilities.

As I have made well known for a number of years now, our estimation is that the work required to verify the correctness and completeness of the DPRK's initial declaration could take about three to four years, assuming full co-operation by the DPRK. This verification work is a basic obligation under the DPRK's safeguards agreement, as well as a prerequisite for the delivery of key nuclear components under the Agreed Framework. The Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) has informed the Agency that it has provided the DPRK with a construction schedule for the light water reactor project, according to which the delivery of the key nuclear components for the first reactor would occur by 2005. Further delays in the start of the Agency's activities to verify the completeness and correctness of the initial DPRK declaration could lead therefore to a delay in the KEDO project. I would urge the DPRK to agree to the initiation of this long overdue verification process without further delay, and to that end start soon the necessary dialogue with the Agency on this as well as on other issues relevant to the normalization of relations between the DPRK and the Agency.