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Richard L. Garwin

Richard L. Garwin was born in 1928 in Cleveland, Ohio. He earned a B.S. in physics from Case Institute of Technology in 1947, and a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago in 1949. Garwin began his work with nuclear weapons technology in 1950 and continues to be an influential voice in national security issues today.

Garwin joined the University of Chicago faculty in 1950 and also made study visits to Los Alamos Laboratory. In 1952, he joined the IBM Corporation and in 1967, he became an IBM Fellow at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center in New York. During his years at IBM (until 1993), Garwin also worked for the US government, serving on the President's Science Advisory Committee from 1962 to 1965 and 1969-1972. Between 1966 and 1969 he was a member of the Defense Science Board. He also served on the faculty at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government and as an Adjunct Professor of Physics at Columbia University.

Garwin has authored and co-authored numerous books, published more than 500 papers, and been granted 43 US patents. In 1996, Garwin received the R.V. Jones Foreign Intelligence Award from the US government and the Enrico Fermi Award. Garwin is a long-time member of Pugwash and has also served on the Pugwash Council.

Garwin has testified to numerous Congressional committees on issues ranging from national

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More on the Web
Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues
National Academy of Sciences
Toward International Security: The Role of Space Weapons, Antisatellite Weapon Tests, and National Missile Defense Richard L. Garwin, October 25, 1999

security to energy policy and technology. He has also been a member of the Scientific Advisory Group to the Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff. In 1998, Garwin was one of nine members on the "Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States," also known as "The Rumsfeld Commission." In 2000, the 40th anniversary of the founding of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), he was recognized as one of the ten Founders of National Reconnaissance.

Currently Garwin is Philip D. Reed Senior Fellow for Science and Technology at the Council on Foreign Relations and IBM Fellow Emeritus at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center. Additionally, Garwin is a consultant to the U.S. government on matters of military technology and arms control and serves as chairman of the Arms Control and Nonproliferation Board for the Department of State. His other work for the government includes studies on antisubmarine warfare, satellite systems, military and civil aircraft, sensor systems, and health care technology.