Nikita Khrushchev was born to a working class family in a province of Ukraine on 17 April 1894. He rose through the ranks of the Russian Communist Party to become a member of the Politburo in 1939. After the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953, Khrushchev won a power struggle among
Stalin’s successors and consolidated his political power all over the Soviet Union.
In relations with the West, Khrushchev's tenure was marked by a series of high-stakes crises: the U-2 affair, the building of