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Technology Triumphs, Morality Falters
July 3, 1999

         PEW RESEARCH CENTER FOR THE PEOPLE & THE PRESS  
1999 MILLENNIUM SURVEY
--FINAL TOPLINE--
April 6 - May 6, 1999
TOTAL N=1,546
Form 1 (N=789); Form 2 (N=757)
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First, I'm going to ask you a few questions about the past...  
Q.1 Compared to members of your family in the 1950s, would you say your life today
is generally better, worse, or about the same?

63 Better
12 Worse
21 About the same GO TO Q.3
4 Don't know/Refused GO TO Q.3
100


Q.2 In what ways is your life (INSERT RESPONSE FROM Q.1: better/worse) compared to
members of your family in the 1950s? (OPEN-END; PROBE FOR ADDITIONAL RESPONSES)

BASED ON THOSE WHO SAID "BETTER" [N=984]
40 Economy/Jobs (NET)
21 Better off financially/Prosperous/Two Incomes
6 Better pay/Higher earnings/Better job
5 Better standard of living/Quality of life
4 Better economy
4 More career/job opportunities
2 Financially secure
1 Own our own home
14 Modern conveniences (NET)
6 Appliances/Conveniences
4 More material goods
3 Better housing/Better living conditions
1 Color TV/Air conditioning/Cell phone
* Better transportation
* More opportunities for travel
13 Technology (NET)
11 Technology
1 Computer
1 The Internet
* Communication
7 More opportunities
6 Education (NET)
4 Better/more education
1 More educational opportunities
6 Personal comment (Miscellaneous)
5 Freedom/Equal rights (NET)
2 More opportunities for women/minorities
2 Have more freedom
1 Equal rights
1 Less racism/prejudice

BASED ON THOSE WHO SAID "BETTER" [N=984]
4 Medical advances (NET)
2 Better health
2 Better medical/health care
* Longer life span
4 Easier
3 Everything is better/just better
2 Retired
2 More leisure time
2 Happier/Peace of mind
1 Better communication (general)
* No war
9 Other
7 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

BASED ON THOSE WHO SAID "WORSE" [N=176]
30 Economy/Jobs (NET)
14 Cost of living/Inflation/Everything is expensive
12 Worse off financially
2 Both spouses need to work
2 Taxes
2 Job/Lack of job security
29 Moral breakdown (NET)
19 More crime/violence/vandalism
8 Society lacks values/morals/ethics
3 Drugs
1 People who don't work for what they get
1 Less discipline
1 Single parent families
16 Pace of life (NET)
14 More hectic/complicated/rushed/stressful
2 Lack of private/leisure time
8 Just worse/harder
7 Personal issues (NET)
4 Loved ones are dead
3 Family is not as close
7 Health problems
2 Less peace
2 Liked it better then/The way things were
6 Other
8 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused


ASK ALL:
Q.3 Now, thinking about life in the U.S... Since the 1950s, would you say life in
the U.S. has gotten better, gotten worse or stayed about the same?

44 Gotten better
30 Gotten worse
20 Stayed the same GO TO Q.5
6 Don't know/Refused GO TO Q.5
100

Q.4 In what ways has life in the U.S. gotten (INSERT RESPONSE FROM Q.3:
better/worse)? (OPEN-END; PROBE FOR ADDITIONAL RESPONSES)

BASED ON THOSE WHO SAID "BETTER" [N=702]
35 Economy/Jobs (NET)
13 More jobs/Better paying jobs
11 Better/stable economy
10 Financially/More money
6 Higher/better standard of living
16 Technology (NET)
15 Technology
2 Computers
15 Modern Conveniences (NET)
9 More conveniences/Live more comfortably/easier
3 Materialistically
3 Better transportation/Travel is easier
13 Freedom/Civil Rights (NET)
4 People are more open-minded/tolerant/Less prejudice
4 More freedom/rights
4 Civil rights/Race relations/Integration
2 Equal rights
1 Women's rights
9 More opportunities/choices
7 Better education/More educational opportunities
6 Better health/medical/health care
5 Life in general/Quality of life
2 Better communication
1 More social programs/help for the poor
1 More politically aware
1 Personal comment (Miscellaneous)
1 Television
1 More/healthier food
* Now retired
* More leisure time/time with family/friends/children
* More religious
9 Other
6 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

BASED ON THOSE WHO SAID "WORSE" [N=446]
69 Moral breakdown (NET)
44 More crime/violence
19 Lack/decline of morals/respect
10 Drugs
4 Breakdown of family structure/Both parents work
3 Lack of family values
3 Misbehavior of young people
2 God is left out of everything
2 Television/See too much violence/sex
1 "Kids killing kids"
9 Government/Politics (NET)
5 Government has too much control/too many complex regulations
2 Political controversy/Politics
1 Corruption in government

BASED ON THOSE WHO SAID "WORSE" [N=446]
8 Economy (NET)
4 Cost of living/Hard to make a living
2 Economy
2 Unemployment
7 Pace of life (NET)
4 More complicated/faster paced/More stressed
2 More people/cars/congestion
3 People less caring
3 Conflicts/War/Terrorism
3 Everything/Quality of life
2 Education system/Lack of discipline/control in schools
2 More taxes
1 More prejudice/racism
1 Too much "third world" immigration/foreigners/refugees
1 Too much technology
1 Not like it used to be
1 "Me" generation
* Mother Nature has caused turmoil
* Indigents/Homeless
* Pollution
8 Other
2 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused


ASK ALL:
Q.5 Now I'm going to read a list of some groups of Americans. For each one, please
tell me whether life has gotten better or worse since around 1950. (First,)
(INSERT ITEM; ROTATE), has life gotten better or worse for this group of
Americans over the past 50 years? How about...
(VOL.) Don't know/
Better Worse Same Refused
a.F1 Men 51 18 25 6=100

b.F2 White males 53 17 23 7=100

c.F1 Women 83 9 5 3=100

d.F2 African Americans 81 6 8 5=100

e.F1 Gays and lesbians 61 13 4 22=100

f.F2 Children 46 44 6 4=100

g.F1 Senior citizens 61 25 9 5=100

h.F2 Disabled people 82 8 6 4=100

i.F1 Middle class Americans 51 22 22 5=100

j.F2 Working class Americans 60 25 12 3=100

k.F1 Hispanics 65 5 8 22=100

l.F2 Religious people 46 20 23 11=100

m.F1 Farmers 20 65 5 10=100

n.F2 Union members 35 29 12 24=100

o.F1 Teenagers 33 56 6 5=100


On a different subject...
ASK Q.6 AND Q.7 OF FORM 1 ONLY:
Q.6F1 What would you say has been America's greatest achievement during the 20th
century? (OPEN-END; ACCEPT MULTIPLE RESPONSES; PROBE ONCE IF "DON'T KNOW," BUT
DO NOT PROBE FOR ADDITIONAL RESPONSES)

41 Science/Technology (NET)
18 Space exploration/Man on the moom
12 Technology
7 Computers
3 Transportation
1 Science
1 The Internet
1 Telecommunications
7 Medical Advances (NET)
7 Medical care/Breakthroughs
* Polio vaccine
7 War and Peace (NET)
3 Winning World War II
2 Peace
1 Dominant World Power
1 Ending the Cold War
* Disarmament/End of Nuclear Race
* Nuclear bomb
5 Economy (NET)
2 Economic well being/stability
2 Jobs
1 The standard of living
* People own their own homes
5 Civil Rights (NET)
4 Civil rights
1 Women's rights
* Gay and lesbian rights
2 Continuation/spread of democracy/freedom
2 Education
2 Helping other countries/peoples
1 Industrial revolution
1 Social support system
1 Nothing
* Heightened awareness of social issues/environmental issues
7 Other
23 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

Q.7F1 And what would you say has been America's greatest failure during the 20th
Century? (OPEN-END; ACCEPT MULTIPLE RESPONSES; PROBE ONCE IF "DON'T KNOW," BUT
DO NOT PROBE FOR ADDITIONAL RESPONSES)

17 War/Use of Force (NET)
8 Vietnam
7 Wars/World policing efforts
2 Use of power/influence on the rest of the world
1 Foreign policy
* Gulf War
15 Moral breakdown (NET)
6 Moral decline/Lack of values/ethics
4 Breakdown of the family/family unit
4 Our children/kids
2 Lack of religious value/Removal of God
10 Politics/Government (NET)
7 Our president/leaders
2 Government corruption/Trust in government
2 Politics/Politicians
7 Treatment of minorities/Intolerance
6 Specific Policy Issue (NET)
2 Education
1 Environmental issues/pollution
1 Health care
1 Legalized abortion
1 Welfare
* Social security
* Immigration
6 Rich and poor (NET)
3 Not helping/taking care of our own
2 Care for the poor/homeless
1 Not closing the gap between rich and poor/Poverty
6 Crime/Justice system (NET)
2 Crime/violence
2 War on drugs/Gangs
1 Justice system
1 Too much consumerism
1 Challenger
* Unemployment
* Elderly/Aged
* Health Problems
* Treatment of our farmers
10 Other
20 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

ASK Q.8 AND Q.9 OF FORM 2 ONLY:
On a different subject...
Q.8F2 What would you say has been the U.S. government's greatest achievement during
the 20th Century? (OPEN-END; ACCEPT MULTIPLE RESPONSES; PROBE ONCE IF "DON'T
KNOW," BUT DO NOT PROBE FOR ADDITIONAL RESPONSES)

19 Science/Technology (NET)
14 Space program
3 Technology
2 Computers
* Science
12 World Peace (NET)
5 Peace
3 Winning World War II
2 End of the Cold War
1 World Power
1 Diplomacy
9 Freedom/Civil Rights (NET)
3 Civil Rights/Ending segregation
2 Equal rights
2 Freedom/Liberty
1 Women's Rights
* A more equal society
6 Social Safety Net (NET)
3 Social Security
3 Public assistance/welfare/work first
1 Help for needy individuals
* Help for the aged/senior citizens
5 Economy/Jobs (NET)
3 Maintaining a stable economy
2 More/better jobs/Lower unemployment
* Higher pay/Minimum wage
4 Medical/Health care advances
2 Nothing
2 Balancing the budget/Lowering the debt
1 Everything has improved/Quality of life
1 Education/Educational opportunities
9 Other
33 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

Q.9F2 And what would you say has been the U.S. government's greatest failure during
the 20th Century? (OPEN-END; ACCEPT MULTIPLE RESPONSES; PROBE ONCE IF "DON'T
KNOW," BUT DO NOT PROBE FOR ADDITIONAL RESPONSES)
18 War/Foreign Policy (NET)
8 Vietnam
6 Wars/World policing efforts
4 Foreign policy
1 Persian Gulf War
* Cold War
* Korean War
14 Politics/Government (NET)
8 Our President/ Clinton's lack of morals/ethics/scandal
4 Trust in government/Failure to keep their word/Dishonesty in politics
2 Government has gotten too big
* Watergate/Nixon
10 Specific Policy Issue (NET)
4 Welfare/Creating dependency on government
2 Health care/insurance
2 Education
1 Domestic policy issues (non-specific)
1 Social Security
* Legalized abortion
* Immigration
7 Budget/fiscal Policy (NET)
4 U.S. deficit/budget/money management
3 Taxes
* Reaganomics
4 Civil Rights (NET)
3 Civil rights/Race relations
2 Equal rights
* Women's rights
3 Care for those in need (NET)
2 Care for the poor/homeless
1 Care for the elderly/aged
* Care of veterans
3 Meeting the needs of the people
3 Crime/Justice system (NET)
1 War on drugs
1 Crime/violence
1 Justice system
2 Moral breakdown (NET)
2 Moral decay
* Taking prayer/religion out of schools/life
1 Economy/Jobs (NET)
1 Economy
* Cost of living
* Unemployment
1 Lack of support for families/parents/children
1 Nothing
1 Environment/Natural resources (NET)
* Environmental issues/Pollution
* Ability to preserve natural resources
* Everything/Many things
8 Other
23 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

NO QUESTION 10
ASK ALL:
Q.11 Now I'm going to ask you about some things that have happened in the U.S. and
around the world over the last 50 years or so. For each event, please tell me
if you happen to remember EXACTLY where you were or what you were doing the
MOMENT you heard the news. Just tell me "yes" if you do remember this and "no"
if you do not. If you were not old enough at the time to remember, just say so
and we'll move on. First, do you happen to remember exactly where you were or
what you were doing the moment you heard about... (READ IN ORDER; IF RESPONDENT
VOLUNTEERS THAT HE OR SHE WASN'T BORN OR WASN'T OLD ENOUGH TO REMEMBER AN EVENT,
END THE SERIES AND GO TO THE NEXT QUESTION Q.12. IF RESPONDENT ANSWERS "DON'T
KNOW" GO TO THE NEXT ITEM IN THE SERIES Q.11.) How about...

Based on those old
Based on total respondents enough to remember
Yes, remember Yes, remember
where/what doing where/what doing
a. The death of Princess Diana 87 87

b. The Oklahoma City bombing 86 86

c. The beginning of the bombing
in the Persian Gulf War 75 76

d. The fall of the Berlin Wall 59 60

e. The Tiananmen Square massacre 41 42

f. The Challenger explosion 78 82

g. John Hinckley shooting President Reagan 67 72

h. Richard Nixon's resignation 53 67

i. Neil Armstrong walking
on the moon 54 80

j. Martin Luther King's assassination 43 67

k. John F. Kennedy's assassination 53 90

1. North Korea's invasion of South
Korea which began the Korean War 15 43

m The end of World War II 21 79

n. Franklin Roosevelt's death 17 71

o. The attack on Pearl Harbor 18 85

p. Paris falling to the Nazis 7 38

q. The stock market crash of 1929 4 38

Q.12 I'm going to read a list of some changes that have taken place over the last 100
years. Please tell me if you think each one has been a change for the better, a
change for the worse, or hasn't made much difference. (First,) Has (INSERT
ITEM; ROTATE) been a change for the better, a change for the worse, or hasn't
this made much difference? How about...

Change for Change for Hasn't made DK/
the better the worse much difference Ref
a.F1 The invention of the computer 87 8 2 3=100

b.F2 The development of nuclear weapons 19 63 11 7=100

c.F1 Space exploration 72 6 17 5=100

d.F2 Women in the workplace 83 10 6 1=100

e.F1 Birth control pills 72 10 13 5=100

f.F2 The legalization of abortion 34 42 17 7=100

g.F1 The invention of television 73 21 4 2=100

h.F2 The invention of radio 96 1 2 1=100

i.F1 The civil rights movement 84 5 8 3=100

j.F2 The automobile 91 6 3 *=100

k.F1 Airline travel 77 8 10 5=100

l.F2 Wide use of credit cards 22 68 7 3=100

m.F1 The development of nuclear energy 48 30 14 8=100

n.F2 The growth of the suburbs 52 21 21 6=100

o.F1 More acceptance of divorce 30 53 13 4=100

p.F2 The interstate highway system 84 8 6 2=100

q.F1 Rock and roll 45 23 27 5=100

Q.13 Now thinking just about the last 10 years or so. I'm going to read another list
of changes that have taken place. Please tell me if you think each one has been
a change for the better, a change for the worse, or hasn't made much difference.
(First,) Has (INSERT ITEM; ROTATE) been a change for the better, a change for
the worse, or hasn't this made much difference? How about...

Change for Change for Hasn't made DK/
the better the worse much difference Refused
a.F1 HMOs and managed health 31 49 12 8=100
care plans
b.F2 Mutual funds 69 3 16 12=100

c.F1 Telemarketing 21 51 20 8=100

d.F2 Email 71 9 12 8=100

e.F1 The Internet 69 18 7 6=100

f.F2 Viagra 36 15 28 21=100

g.F1 Lotteries 35 34 26 5=100

h.F2 Rap music 14 53 26 7=100

i.F1 Gay rights movement 39 29 22 10=100

j.F2 Home schooling 43 19 28 10=100

k.F1 Prozac 40 18 21 21=100

l.F2 Cellular phones 66 22 10 2=100

m.F1 Cable TV 62 21 15 2=100

n.F2 Fertility drugs 43 32 17 8=100

o.F1 The cloning of sheep 15 49 23 13=100

ASK ALL:
On a different subject...
Q.14 What word or phrase best describes your impression of... (INSERT ITEM; DO NOT
ROTATE) (OPEN-END) How about the... (INSERT NEXT ITEM) (ACCEPT MULTIPLE
RESPONSES; PROBE ONCE IF "DON'T KNOW," BUT DO NOT PROBE FOR ADDITIONAL
RESPONSES)

ASK ITEMS a THRU d OF FORM 1 ONLY:

a.F1 The 1920s
30 Cultural (NET)
9 Roaring
8 Swinging/Gay/Happy/Carefree
3 Flappers
3 Wild/Wide open
3 Prohibition
2 Excessive/out of control/fast living
1 Gangsters
1 Charleston/Dance
1 Music/Jazz/Swing
* Reference to clothes/hairstyles
` * Speakeasy/Bathtub gin
* Bootlegging
* Silly/Frivolous
16 Economic (NET)
5 Hard times
5 Depression
2 Affluence/booming
2 The crash/Stock market crash
1 Poverty/Unemployment
1 Boom to bust/Calm before storm
1 Sad/Depressing
* Stock Market/Investments
3 Good/Better
2 Long time ago/Nostalgia
2 Exciting/Interesting
2 Bad
2 Change
1 Personal milestone (Miscellaneous)
1 Awakening/Beginning
* Inventions
* Slow/boring
* Industrial movement
* Revolution
* War
8 Other
34 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

b.F1 The 1930s
34 Economy/Depression (NET)
20 Depression
10 Hard times/Struggle/Bad
3 Recovery/Rebuilding
2 Poverty
* Work
4 Better/Good
3 Depressing/Sad
2 World War/Trouble in Europe
2 Personal milestone (Miscellaneous)
1 Corruption/Crime (NET)
1 Gangsters
* Corrupt "Dirty Thieves"
* Crime/Violence
1 Simple/Calm/Safe
1 Advances/Change/Progress
1 Franklin Delano Roosevelt (NET)
* Roosevelt
* WPA Put People To Work
* New Deal
1 Hope
* Continuation of Industrial Revolution
* Music/Dancing
* Best and Worst
7 Other
42 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

c.F1 The 1940s
35 World War II (NET)
27 World War II
3 Frightening/Unsettled/Turmoil
3 End of the war/Winning the war
2 Patriotism/Air of unity
1 Hitler/Defeat of Hitler/Holocaust
* Pearl Harbor
* Army
* Atomic bomb/Hiroshima
* Japan
10 Economic (NET)
5 Good times
3 Rebuilding/New beginning/Optimism
2 Depression over/Economy getting better/growing
5 Sad/Terrible/Bad/Hard
4 Better/Getting better
2 Cultural (NET)
1 Big band music
1 Family life/Baby boom
2 Personal milestone (Miscellaneous)
1 Change
* History
10 Other
35 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

d.F1 The 1950s
24 The Good Life (NET)
12 Happy/Peaceful/Good life/Good
6 Great/Fun/Life is better than ever
3 Rebuilding/Hopeful/Optimism
2 Progress/Growing/Modernization
1 Inventive/Innovations
1 More freedom
22 Cultural (NET)
9 Rock and roll music
3 Raising a family/Family values/Baby boom
3 Elvis
2 Good cars
1 Baby boomers
1 Other cultural
1 Television
1 Leave it to Beaver/Apple Pie/Ozzie & Harriet
1 Conservative
1 Suburbs
4 Economy (NET)
4 Economically/Financially better off/Prosperous
1 Better jobs/pay
4 Better/Getting Better
4 War and Peace (NET)
1 Korean War
1 Cold War
1 Peace
* War
* Nuclear
* Berlin Wall
3 Personal Milestone (Miscellaneous)
2 Change/Transition
2 Bad/hard times
* Industry
* Eisenhower
* History
10 Other
26 No answer/Not sure/Don't know/Refused

ASK ITEMS e THRU h OF FORM 2 ONLY:
e.F2 The 1960s
26 Cultural (NET)
6 Hippies/Flower children/Woodstock
6 Wild/Chaotic
3 Drugs/LSD/Psychedelic
3 Cool/Hip/Groovy/Radical
3 Rock and roll/Music
2 Free love/Open marriage
2 "Laid back"
1 Experimenting
* Best Automobiles
16 Civil/Political unrest (NET)
6 Turbulent/Troubled/Confused
4 Civil unrest/Rebellion/Protests/Revolution
3 Peace movement/Peace
1 Vietnam War/Protests
1 Civil rights movement
1 Political Change
* Violence
* Martin Luther King
12 Good/Fun
5 Change
4 Freedom/Liberal
3 Bad/Hard
3 Progress/Growth
2 Personal Milestone
2 Better
1 Space/Technology (NET)
* Technology
* Space exploration
* Kennedy
* Education better/Better schools
10 Other
18 No answer/Not sure/Don't Know/Refused

f.F2 The 1970s
25 Cultural (NET)
6 Disco/Dancing
4 Drugs
4 Other Cultural
4 Wild/Crazy
3 Hippies/Peace & Love
2 Music
1 Reference to clothes/Hairstyles
1 Experimenting/Redefining
1 Free love/Sexual Revolution
1 John Travolta/Saturday Night Fever
* Elvis
10 Fun/Good/Carefree
4 Better/Getting better
3 Unsettled/Confused/Stressful/Turmoil
3 OK/Pretty good/Not too bad
3 Change
3 Sad/Bad/Dull/Hard
3 Stability/Calm/Peaceful
3 Politics/Government (NET)
2 Vietnam/War/Peace talks
* Politics
* Watergate/Nixon
3 Awakening/(America) growing up/Leaning/Coming into their own
2 Personal Milestone
2 Growth/Moving ahead
1 Economy (NET)
1 Economy good
* Inflation/High interest rates
1 Free/Liberal
1 Beginning of the "Me" generation/Greedy
1 Family/Raising children
1 Technology/Space (NET)
1 More technology/improvements
* Space Program
1 Inventions/Innovations
* Simpler than now
8 Other
22 No answer/Not sure/Don't Know/Refused

g.F2 The 1980s
11 Good/Fun
9 Cultural (NET)
4 Music
3 Other Cultural
1 Big/Bad hair
1 Drugs
* Health Kick
7 Materialism/Greed (NET)
4 Greed/Selfish/"Me" generation
1 Begin excessive spending/Consumption
1 Consumer Ethic/Materialism
1 Yuppies
7 Economics (NET)
3 Prosperity/Good Economy
1 Other Economic
1 Better jobs/pay
1 Economy slowing down
1 Unemployment
5 Better/Getting better
4 Hard Times/Bad
4 Personal Milestone
4 Change/Transition
3 Science/Technology (NET)
2 Technology
1 Computers
* Space Program
* Science
3 Busy/Hectic/Confused/Stressful
3 Politics/Government (NET)
2 Reagan/Reaganomics
1 Government
* Politics/Political change
2 Growing
2 Easy/Peaceful/Slow
2 OK
1 Interesting/Exciting
1 Free/Liberal/Progressive
1 Getting worse
1 Conservative
1 Pride in America/Unity
* World Wide News/Global
10 Other
20 No answer/Not sure/Don't Know/Refused

h.F2 The 1990s
12 Technology (NET)
6 Technology/"High Tech"
3 Computers/Computerization/Computer age
1 Internet/E-mail/Communication explosion
1 Information age
10 Good
8 Getting worse
6 Continuous improvement/Momentum
6 Stress/Fast paced/Complicated/Scary
5 Economy/Prosperity (NET)
3 Prosperous time/Economic boom
1 Jobs/Work
1 More/Better jobs
* Stocks and bonds/Stock market
* Difficult to make a living
4 Moral breakdown (NET)
3 Decline in morality/responsibility
1 Crime/Violence
* No discipline for kids/permissive
* Lack of ethics
* Drugs
4 Tremendous change
4 Conflicts/Confusion
3 Coming of Year 2000 (NET)
2 Transition to the future/Looking ahead
1 Year 2000/Millennium
3 Crazy/Unpredictable/Wild
2 Politics/Government (NET)
1 Clinton Scandal(s)
* Government control/Trying to take over
* Clinton
2 Growth
2 Materialism/Greed (NET)
1 Selfish
1 Excessive Materialism
2 OK
2 Sad/Despair
1 Stable/Calm/Steady/Content
1 Personal milestone
1 Liberal/Free
1 Music/Rap/Hip hop/New wave
1 War/Military (NET)
1 War
* Terrorism
* Becoming global
* Retirement
* Global Warming
* Gay Rights
* Space Travel
13 Other
13 No answer/Not sure/Don't Know/Refused

NO QUESTION 15

ASK ALL:
Q.16 We're interested in finding out why you think America has been successful during
this past century. As I read a list, tell me whether you think each thing is a
major reason, a minor reason or not a reason that America has been so successful
in this century. (First,) (INSERT ITEM; ROTATE) do you think this is a major
reason, a minor reason or not a reason for America's success? How about...

Major Minor Not a DK/
reason reason reason Refused
a. Abundant natural resources 78 15 4 3=100

b. The free enterprise system 81 11 4 4=100

c. The cultural diversity of 71 20 6 3=100
our people

d. Judeo-Christian beliefs 41 28 20 11=100

e. Good luck 25 30 43 2=100

f. God's will 65 15 16 4=100

g. The two-party system 49 32 13 6=100

h. Free elections 84 11 3 2=100

i. Our Constitution 85 10 4 1=100

j. Separation of church and state 41 33 23 3=100

k. Freedom of the press 69 22 7 2=100

l. Our geographic isolation that
is being protected by oceans 53 26 17 4=100
on both coasts

m. The character of the American 69 21 8 2=100
people

Q.17 I'm going to read you some pairs of events, for each pair tell me if you happen
to know which one came FIRST. The first pair is (INSERT PAIR; ROTATE, ALWAYS
STARTING WITH ITEM "a"), do you happen to know which came first or can't you
recall? How about...

a. 14 The Korean War
OR
78 World War II (correct)
8 Don't know/Refused
100

NO ITEM b

c. 70 The building of the Panama Canal (correct)
OR
17 The building of the Interstate Highway System
13 Don't know/Refused
100

d. 52 The building of the Berlin Wall in East Germany
OR
24 The creation of the NATO alliance in Europe (correct)
24 Don't know/Refused
100

e. 10 The Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade legalizing abortion
OR
The Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education declaring
separate but equal
72 facilities for blacks and whites unconstitutional (correct)
18 Don't know/Refused
100

f. 63 The Cuban missile crisis (correct)
OR
17 Nixon's historic visit to China
20 Don't know/Refused
100

g. 13 Iran-Contra
OR
74 Watergate (correct)
13 Don't know/Refused
100