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  Library Treaties Non-Proliferation Treaty, Chinese Proposal, April 14, 1997

Proposals for Inclusion in the Report

Submitted by China

The Chinese delegation would like to present the following proposals for inclusion into the recommendation section of the report of the Preparatory Committee for the 2000 Review Conference on its first session:

Cluster one: implementation of the provisions of the Treaty relating to non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, nuclear disarmament, nuclear-weapon-free zones and security assurances

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1997 NPT Prep Com 

1. The nuclear-weapon States concerned should abandon their policy of nuclear deterrence; the States with large nuclear arsenals should further reduce drastically their nuclear stockpiles, and should destroy the removed nuclear warheads rather than simply transfer them from deployment to storage.

2. All nuclear-weapon States should undertake not to be the first to use nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstances, and to conclude a legally binding international instrument to that effect.

3. No country should develop and deploy space weapon systems or missile defence systems that undermine strategic security and stability.

4. States with nuclear weapons deployed outside their borders should bring all these weapons home.

5. The States that have not yet signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty are urged to do so at an early date, and all signatory States should strive to achieve the early entry-into-force of the Treaty.

6. All States should work for the immediate commencement and early conclusion of the negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament on a non-discriminatory, universal and internationally and effectively verifiable convention banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, in accordance with the statement of the Special Coordinator of the Conference on Disarmament and the mandate contained therein.

7. An international convention on the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons under effective international supervision should be concluded through negotiations with the participation of all States.

8. All States should support the efforts of the non-nuclear-weapon States to establish nuclear-weapon-free zones on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at and in the light of the actual conditions of the regions concerned. All nuclear-weapon States should pledge their support for the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones, respect their status and undertake corresponding obligations.

9. All nuclear-weapon States should commit themselves unconditionally not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States or nuclear-weapon-free zones, and conclude, at an early date, legally binding international instruments to that effect.

Cluster two: implementation of the provisions of the Treaty relating to nuclear non-proliferation and safeguards

10. In order to facilitate the Treaty's function in preventing nuclear weapons proliferation, the States parties should continue to support the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

11. All States parties should support the IAEA programme for strengthening the effectiveness and improving the efficiency of the safeguards system. The nuclear-weapon States should apply those measures provided for in the model protocol that each of them identifies as capable of contributing to the nuclear non-proliferation objectives.

Cluster three: implementation of the provisions of the Treaty relating to international cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy

12. All States parties should make every effort to facilitate international cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy. States that are in a position to do so should assist the developing countries to master technologies for peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

13. All States parties should ensure that measures taken by them to prevent nuclear weapons proliferation would facilitate rather than hamper the exercise of the legitimate rights of the developing countries for peaceful uses of nuclear energy. Those restrictions on the transfer of technologies for peaceful uses of nuclear energy that are beyond safeguards required under the Treaty should be removed.

Universality of the Treaty

14. All States parties should strive for the achievement of the universality of the Treaty.