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  Library Treaties Non-Proliferation Treaty, South African Proposal, April 16, 1997

Proposals for Inclusion in the Report

Submitted by South Africa

A. Substantive and procedural issues

1. The States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons attending the first session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2000 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons reaffirm the principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament adopted at the 1995 Review and Extension Conference. 1

B. Recommendation for the second session of the

Preparatory Committee

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1997 NPT Prep Com 

2. The Preparatory Committee recommends that time should be allocated at its second session for further debate and consideration of proposals that have been made on the issue of security assurances.

C. Draft recommendations to the 2000 Review Conference

3. The States parties reaffirm the principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament adopted at the 1995 Review and Extension Conference.

Universality

4. The States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons should redouble their efforts to achieve the universality of the Treaty because the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and nuclear disarmament are one of the cornerstones of international peace and security.

Non-proliferation

5. The States parties should continue to promote the full implementation of the non-proliferation obligations of the nuclear-weapon States and of the non-nuclear-weapon States.

6. The States parties should continue to take active measures to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the technologies, material and equipment that are used to produce those weapons, without hampering the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, especially by developing countries.

Nuclear disarmament

7. The adoption of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty should be recorded as one of the goals of the States parties that has been accomplished. Paragraph 4 (a) of the principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament should be replaced by a call on the States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to work for the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and for its signature and ratification by all the members of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

8. The nuclear-weapon States, and in particular the Russian Federation and the United States of America, should be called upon to continue in the determined pursuit of systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally and to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective control. The other nuclear-weapon States should join in the process of structured and verified nuclear disarmament as soon as possible.

9. (a) The States parties should welcome progress made in the negotiation of a non-discriminatory and universally applicable convention banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other explosive devices in accordance with the Shannon report and the mandate contained therein.

OR

(b) The States parties should renew the call contained in the principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament for the Conference on Disarmament to commence immediately negotiations on a non-discriminatory and universally applicable convention banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other explosive devices in accordance with the Shannon report and the mandate contained therein. All States parties who are members of the Conference should work actively to achieve that goal.

10. The States parties call upon the Conference on Disarmament to establish an ad hoc committee to deliberate and agree upon the practical steps and negotiations required for a programme of systematic and progressive efforts to eliminate totally nuclear weapons.

Nuclear-weapon-free zones

11. The States parties welcome the considerable progress in the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones since the 1995 conference, and especially the establishment of the zones created by the Treaties of Pelindaba and Bangkok. The States parties furthermore renew their call for the establishment of further nuclear-weapon-free zones on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the regions concerned, especially in regions where they do not exist, such as the Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia.

Security assurances

12. The States parties recommend that the 2000 Review Conference endorse an instrument on legally binding security assurances for the non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty for signature and ratification.

Notes

1 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final Document, Part I (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I)), decision 2.