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  Library Treaties Non-Proliferation Treaty, Report on First Prepcom Session, April 17, 1997

Report on the First Preparatory Committee Session

I. INTRODUCTION

1. At its fifty-first session, the General Assembly, in its resolution 51/45 A of 10 December 1996, took note of the decision of the parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, following appropriate consultations, to hold the first meeting of the Preparatory Committee in New York from 7 to 18 April 1997.

2. Accordingly, the first session of the Preparatory Committee was opened on 7 April, by Mr. Evgeniy Gorkovskiy, Officer-in-Charge and Deputy Director of the Centre for Disarmament Affairs

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of the Department of Political Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat.

3. The following 149 States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

participated in the work of the Preparatory Committee at its first session: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Canada, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, C_te d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

4. The Preparatory Committee held 15 meetings, of which summary records were provided for the opening meeting (NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/SR.1), the general debate (NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/SR.2-3) and the closing meetings (NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/SR.13, 15) in accordance with the Committee's decision. The summary records are issued separately as annex I to the present report.

5. Mrs. Hannelore Hoppe, Senior Political Affairs Officer of the Centre for Disarmament Affairs, served as Secretary of the Committee. Mr. Mohamed Elbaradei, Assistant Director General for External Relations, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna; Mr. Berhanykun Andemicael, Representative of the Director General of IAEA to the United Nations in New York; Ms. Merle Opelz, Head, IAEA Office at Geneva; and Ms. Jan Priest, Head, Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Policy Section, Division of External Relations, IAEA, Vienna, represented the Agency.

II. SUBSTANTIVE AND PROCEDURAL ISSUES

A. Organization of work of the Preparatory Committee

6. With regard to the chairmanship of the various sessions of the Preparatory Committee and the presidency of the 2000 Review Conference, an understanding had been reached among delegations, according to which a representative of the Western Group should be proposed to chair the first session, a representative of the Group of Eastern European States should be proposed to chair the second session, a representative of the Group of Non-Aligned and other States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons should be proposed to chair the third session and a representative of the Group of Non-Aligned and other States parties to the Treaty should be proposed for the presidency of the 2000 Review Conference. All groups were encouraged to propose the representatives for the chairmanship of the various sessions of the Preparatory Committee and for the presidency of the 2000 Review Conference at their earliest possible convenience.

7. Pursuant to that understanding, Mr. Pasi Patokallio (Finland), the representative of the Western Group, was proposed to chair the first session. At its first meeting, on 7 April, the Committee unanimously elected Mr. Patokallio to serve as Chairman of the first session. At its 15th meeting, on 18 April, the Committee also decided that Mr. Tadeusz Strulak (Poland), the representative of the Group of Eastern European States, would be the Chairman of its second session. It was also decided that when not serving as Chairman, the Chairmen of the first and second sessions of the Preparatory Committee would serve as Vice-Chairmen of the Committee. It was further decided that a representative of the Group of Non-Aligned and other States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons should be proposed to serve as Vice-Chairmen of the second session.

8. At its first meeting, on 7 April, the Committee adopted the following agenda (NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/1/Rev.1):

1. Opening of the session.

2. Election of the Chairman.

3. Adoption of the agenda.

4. Preparatory work for the review of the operation of the Treaty in accordance with article VIII, paragraph 3, taking into account the decisions and the resolution adopted by the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

5. Organization of work of the Preparatory Committee:

(a) Election of officers;

(b) Dates and venues for further sessions;

(c) Methods of work:

(i) Decision-making;

(ii) Participation;

(iii) Working languages;

(iv) Records and documents;

(v) Consideration of ways and means.

6. Reports on substantive and procedural issues, recommendations to the next session of the Preparatory Committee and draft recommendations to the Review Conference.

7. Organization of the 2000 Review Conference:

(a) Dates and venue;

(b) Draft rules of procedure;

(c) Election of the President and other officers;

(d) Appointment of the Secretary-General;

(e) Provisional agenda;

(f) Financing of the Review Conference, including its Preparatory Committee;

(g) Background documentation;

(h) Final document(s).

8. Adoption of the final report and recommendations of the Preparatory Committee to the Review Conference.

9. Any other matters.

9. In the course of the discussion of agenda item 5 on the organization of work of the Preparatory Committee, the following decisions were taken:

(a) Dates and venues of further sessions

At its 15th meeting, the Committee provisionally agreed, subject to further consultations by the Chairman, that the second session would be held from 27 April to 8 May 1998 in Geneva and that the third session would take place from 12 to 23 April 1999 in New York.

(b) Methods of work

(i) Decision-making

  • At its first meeting, on 7 April, the Committee decided to make every effort to adopt its decisions by consensus. In the event that consensus could not be reached, the Committee would then take decisions in accordance with the rules of procedure of the 1995 Review and Extension Conference, which would be applied mutatis mutandis .

(ii) Participation

  • At its first meeting, on 7 April, the Committee decided that:

- Representatives of States not parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons should be allowed, upon request, to attend as observers the meetings of the Committee other than those designated closed meetings, to be seated in the Committee behind their countries' nameplates and to receive documents of the Committee. They should also be entitled, at their own expense, to submit documents to the participants in the Committee. Accordingly, representatives of the following States not parties to the Treaty attended the meetings of the Committee as observers: Brazil, Cuba, Israel and Pakistan.

- Representatives of specialized agencies and regional intergovernmental organizations should be allowed, upon request, to attend as observers the meetings of the Committee other than those designated closed meetings, to be seated in the Committee behind their organizations' nameplates and to receive documents of the Committee. They should also be entitled, at their own expense, to submit documents to the participants in the Committee. Accordingly, the following regional intergovernmental organization was represented as an observer at the meetings of the Committee: South Pacific Forum.

- Representatives of non-governmental organizations should be allowed, upon request, to attend the meetings of the Committee other than those designated closed, to be seated in the public gallery, to receive documents of the Committee and, at their own expense, to make written material available to the participants in the Committee. The Committee would also make time available at each session, during which the non-governmental organizations could make presentations. Accordingly, representatives of 113 non-governmental organizations attended the meetings of the Committee.

(iii) Working languages

  • Also at its first meeting, the Committee decided to use Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish as its working languages.

(iv) Records and documents

  • At its 6th meeting, on 10 April, the Committee decided that summary records would be provided at each session of the Committee's opening meeting, the general debate and the closing meetings. There would be records of decisions taken at the other meetings.

10. The Committee set aside two meetings for a general debate on issues related to all aspects of the work of the Preparatory Committee, in the course of which 38 statements were made. The statements are reflected in the summary records of those meetings (NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/SR.2-3).

11. The Committee held a total of 9 meetings for a substantive discussion under agenda item 4 entitled "Preparatory work for the review of the operation of the Treaty in accordance with article VIII, paragraph 3, taking into account the decisions and the resolution adopted by the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons". In doing so, the Committee used as a basis for a structured discussion the three sets of issues (clusters) contained in annex V to the Final Report of the Preparatory Committee to the 1995 Review and Extension Conference (NPT/CONF.1995/1).

12. During the session, the Committee had before it the following documents:

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/1 and Rev.1 Agenda

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/2 Statement by the delegations of France, China, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament at the Preparatory Committee for the Review Conference

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/3 Cluster one: article VI, submitted by New Zealand

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/4 Cluster one, submitted by Canada

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/5 Resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, submitted by Egypt on behalf of the States members of the League of Arab States that are parties to the Treaty

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/6 Letter received on 10 April 1997 from the Russian Federation and the United States of America addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee for the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, transmitting the joint statements from the March 1997 Summit Meeting between the Presidents of the United States of America and the Russian Federation, held in Helsinki

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/7 Cluster two, submitted by Canada

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/8 Cluster two: article VII, submitted by New Zealand

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/9 Some possible elements to be taken into account in the review process, submitted by Japan

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/10 Letter dated 10 April 1997 from the Chairman of the Working Group on Disarmament of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries addressed to the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/11 General considerations to be taken into account by parties in the review process, submitted by the Marshall Islands

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/12 Cluster two: nuclear-weapon-free zones, submitted by Mongolia

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/13 Cluster one: transparency measures, submitted by Norway

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/14 Cluster two: article VII, submitted by Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/15 Proposals for inclusion in the report on the first session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, submitted by China

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/16 and Corr.1 Draft protocol to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to assure non-nuclear-weapon States parties against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, submitted by Myanmar, Nigeria and the Sudan

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/17 Cluster one: nuclear disarmament, submitted by Ireland

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/18 Cluster three, submitted by Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/19 Cluster two: nuclear-weapon-free zones, submitted by Belarus

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/20 Cluster one: nuclear disarmament, submitted by Sweden

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/21 Proposals for inclusion in the report on the first session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, submitted by the Russian Federation

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/22 Proposals for inclusion in the report on the first session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, submitted by South Africa

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/23 Draft recommendations for the report on the first session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, submitted by the European Union

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/24 Non-proliferation and International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards: statement by France

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/25 Cluster three, submitted by Canada

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/26 Nuclear disarmament: statement by France

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/27 Implementation of article IV: statement by France

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/28 Cluster three: conversion of nuclear materials to peaceful uses, submitted by Norway

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/29 Views on a "rolling document" for the strengthened Treaty review process, submitted by Canada

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/30 Clusters one, two and three, submitted by Australia

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/31 Chairman's statement

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/CRP. 1 Draft report of the Preparatory Committee on its first session

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/DEC.1 Record of decision

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/INF.3 List of participants

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/SR. 1 , 2 , 3 , 13 , 15 Summary records

13. A list of the delegations to the Preparatory Committee, including States parties, observer States, specialized agencies and regional intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, is contained in document NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/INF.3.

B. Organization of the 2000 Review Conference

14. The Preparatory Committee, in conformity with its task to prepare for the 2000 Review Conference, considered issues contained in agenda item 7. It took the following actions:

(a) Dates and venue of the Conference

At its 15th meeting, on 18 April, the Committee provisionally agreed, subject to further consultations by the Chairman, that the Review Conference would be held from 24 April to 19 May 2000 in New York.

(b) Appointment of the Secretary-General

The Committee decided to invite the Secretary-General of the United Nations, in consultation with the members of the Preparatory Committee, to nominate an official to act as provisional Secretary-General of the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, a nomination which would later be confirmed by the Conference itself.

(c) Financing of the Review Conference, including its Preparatory Committee

The Committee decided to request the Secretariat to provide for its second session an estimate of the costs of the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and its preparation.

III. RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE NEXT SESSION OF THE PREPARATORY COMMITTEE

15. During the course of the session, the Chairman held a number of informal consultations in the process of which delegations put forward their views and proposals on recommendations to the next session of the Preparatory Committee and on draft recommendations to the 2000 Review Conference. As a result of those consultations, the Chairman put forward a working paper which is annexed to the present report (annex II). The Committee recommended that at its second session the official documents and other proposals submitted by delegations during the first session of the Preparatory Committee as contained in annex II (para. 4 and the appendix) will be taken into account during further work on draft recommendations to the Review Conference and also the working paper submitted by the Chairman which will be interpreted in the light of the official documents and other proposals made by delegations as contained in annex II (para. 4 and the appendix).

16. The Committee recommended that at its second session, it should continue the consideration of all aspects of the Treaty in a structured and balanced manner, in accordance with agenda item 4 entitled "Preparatory work for the review of the operation of the Treaty in accordance with article VIII, paragraph 3, taking into account the decisions and the resolution adopted by the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons".

17. Following approval of paragraph 16, the Chairman made a formal statement which is contained in document NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/31 .

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/31

OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS SUBMITTED BY DELEGATIONS DURING THE FIRST SESSION
(The documents included are NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/2 to 23, 25, 28 to 30.)

Corrigendum

1. Annex II, Chairman's working paper

(a) Section (ii) Main Committee issues

Under the heading "Nuclear disarmament", insert the following after the first paragraph:

The advisory opinion tendered by the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons should be recalled, by which the Court recognized that all members of the international community have an obligation to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control.  All States concerned, in particular the nuclear-weapon States, are urged to engage seriously in meaningful negotiations with a view to achieving early, further significant reductions of nuclear stockpiles as a step towards the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons.

Constructive engagement with the nuclear Powers towards the goal of a world free of nuclear weapons is therefore needed.  All delegations should take note of the significant and encouraging statements coming from the recent Helsinki summit meeting.

The need to assess current verification procedures with a view to making these more stringent and effective must be further examined.

Accelerated work on a cut-off treaty on fissile materials is required.

Negotiations, as a matter of some urgency, on a nuclear-weapons convention should commence.  Such a convention would take us closer to the goal of total elimination of nuclear weapons under international verification and control.  This could be assisted through the establishment of an inter-sessional working group.

(b) Section (iv) Main Committee III issues

Under the heading "Peaceful uses of nuclear energy", insert the following before the last paragraph on page 42:

In the area of conversion of nuclear materials to peaceful uses, increased attention should be paid to problems of safety and contamination related to the discontinuation of nuclear operations formerly associated with nuclear-weapon programmes, including, where appropriate, the safe resettlement of any displaced human populations and the restoration of economic productivity to affected areas.  In this regard, a special responsibility exists towards the people of former United Nations Trust Territories who have been adversely affected as a result of the nuclear-weapon tests conducted during the period of Trusteeship.  Furthermore, consideration should be given by all Governments and international organizations that have expertise in the clean-up and disposal of radioactive contaminants to providing appropriate assistance as may be requested for remedial purposes in adversely affected areas.  This decision was endorsed by the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly.

2. Annex II, appendix

The document entitled "General considerations to be taken into account by parties in the review process" (NPT/CONF.2000/PC.I/11), submitted by the Marshall Islands, should be included.