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  LIbrary Treaties Non-Proliferation Treaty, Proposed Amendmendments to Working Paper

Amendments on draft Chairman's working paper
Submitted by Egypt

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.III/39 19 May 1999

1. The Preparatory Committee agreed on the following draft recommendations to the Review Conference:

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1. Reaffirmation of commitment to the preamble and the articles of the Treaty and to the outcome of the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the NPT.

  • 2. Reaffirmation of conviction that the treaty is essential to international peace and security and recognition of the crucial role that full implementation of the Treaty would have in nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear disarmament and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

3. Reaffirmation of commitment to efforts designed to promote the full realization and effective implementation of the provisions of the Treaty and of the decisions on principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament and on strengthening the review process for the Treaty as well as the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

Universality

  • 4. Urgency and importance of achieving the universality of the Treaty; welcome the accessions of Andorra, Angola, Brazil, Chile, Comoros, Djibouti, Oman, United Arab Emirates and Vanuatu to the Treaty since 1995, bringing the number of States parties to 187. Also urge all States not yet party to the Treaty to accede to the Treaty without any further delay, particularly those States that operate unsafeguarded nuclear facilities.
  • 4 bis The conviction that the universal adherence to the NPT is an essential step towards strengthening barriers against the proliferation of nuclear weapons, and to this end urge Israel, the only State in the Middle East that is not yet a party to the Treaty and has not yet placed all its nuclear facilities under full scope IAEA safeguards, to accede to the Treaty without further delay and without prior conditions.

5. Undertake to make determined efforts towards the achievement of the goal of universality of the Treaty. These efforts should include the enhancement of regional security, particularly through committed and sustained efforts by all States party towards achieving universality of the Treaty in areas of tensions such as the Middle East where Israel remains the only State that has not yet acceded to the NPT.

Non-proliferation

6. Reaffirmation that every effort should be made to implement the Treaty in all its aspects to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices, without hampering the peaceful uses of nuclear energy by States party to the Treaty. Emphasize the particular importance attached to the strict observance of articles I and II, both of which allow for no exceptions whatsoever, and are binding on them in times of peace as well as in times of war.

7. Reaffirmation by non-nuclear-weapon States Party to the Treaty of their commitments to the fullest implementation of Article II and to refrain from nuclear sharing with nuclear-weapon States, non-nuclear-weapon States, and States not party to the Treaty for military purposes under any kind of security arrangements.

8. Reaffirmation of the condemnation of the nuclear tests in South Asia in 1998 as stated in Security Council resolution 1172 and General Assembly resolution 53/77 G, and the importance of full compliance with each of the measures identified in those resolutions. Urge all States that have not yet done so to become party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty without delay and without prior conditions.

8 bis Expression of deep concern over the alarm expressed that Israel

  • continues to operate unsafeguarded nuclear facilities and persists in pursuing ambiguous nuclear programs and policies. Urge Israel to become party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons without any further delay and without prior conditions.

8 ter Undertaking to suspend all forms and any kind of cooperation or

  • assistance which would contribute to the nuclear program of Israel. Declaration of the commitment to exclusively prohibit the transfer of all nuclear-related equipment, information, material and facilities, resources or devices, and the extension of know-how or assistance, in the nuclear, scientific or technological fields to Israel, as long as it remains a non-party to the Treaty and has not placed all its nuclear facilities under the full-scope IAEA safeguards.

9. Reaffirmation of the integrity of the Article IX, paragraph 3 of the Treaty and the commitment of all States parties not to accord any status or recognition to additional States that possess nuclear weapon capabilities. Reaffirmation also, towards the attainment of this objective, of the commitment of all States parties to prohibit completely the transfer or sharing of all nuclear related equipment, information materials, facilities, resources or devices or the extension of scientific and technical assistance in the nuclear field to States non-party to the Treaty, without exception.

10. Reaffirmation that the cessation of all nuclear testing will contribute to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects, to the process of nuclear disarmament leading to the ultimate objective of the complete elimination of nuclear weapons and therefore to the enhancement of international peace and security.

Nuclear disarmament

  • 11. Reaffirmation of the commitment to fulfil with determination the obligations under article VI. Reaffirmation, in this context by the nuclear-weapons States, of their faithful commitment to the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons, and their means of delivery, and to that end, agreement to pursue vigorously systematic and progressive efforts to further reduce nuclear weapons, globally and regionally. (delete - Declaration of commitment to the achievement of general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control ). Declaration that the achievement of nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament necessitates the cooperation of all States, and in particular the nuclear-weapon States.

11 bis Urge the Conference on Disarmament to establish an ad-hoc committee

  • under item 1 of its agenda with a negotiating mandate to address nuclear disarmament.

12. Recognition of the progress achieved in nuclear weapons reductions by the nuclear-weapon States, including those made unilaterally or bilaterally under the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) process, as steps towards nuclear disarmament. Require that at an appropriate stage the US and the Russian Federation should be joined by the other NWS. Reaffirmation of the need to accelerate efforts to ensure full implementation of the obligations under Article VI, which would in turn assist to renew and revitalize the process of nuclear disarmament. Invite increased transparency by NWS on the dismantlement of tactical nuclear weapons.

13. Recognition of the importance for all States to make every effort to promote the earliest entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, and urge all States, especially those whose ratification in accordance with Article XIV of the Treaty ensures its entry into force, to sign and ratify the Treaty. Welcome of the ratification that have taken place so far, including those by France and the United Kingdom. Call on all States, pending the entry into force, to act so as not to defeat the object and purpose of the Treaty. Also call upon all States to contribute to the work of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty in particular to its efforts to implement the Treaty's verification regime.

14. Reaffirmation of the need for the immediate commencement and the early conclusion of negotiations on a non-discriminatory and universally applicable convention banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, in accordance with the report of the Special Coordinator of the Conference on Disarmament and the mandate contained therein. Such a treaty would be an essential measure of non-proliferation. Welcome the establishment in August 1998 of Ad Hoc Committee in the Conference on Disarmament for this purpose under item 1 of its agenda "Cessation of Nuclear Arms Race and Nuclear Disarmament", and urge its immediate reestablishment.