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Background Documentation

1. The Preparatory Committee decides to invite the Secretary-General to prepare papers on various articles of the Treaty, taking into account the decisions on "Strengthening the Review Process for the Treaty" and on "Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament" and the "Resolution on the Middle East," adopted in 1995.

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2. The following general approach should apply to the proposed papers (similar to the approach applied for the preparation of background documentation for the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference): all papers must give balanced, objective and factual descriptions of the relevant developments, be as short as possible and be easily readable. They must refrain from presenting value judgments. Rather than presenting collections of statements, they should reflect agreements reached, actual unilateral and multilateral measures taken, understandings adopted, formal proposals for agreements made and important political developments directly related to any of the foregoing. The papers should focus on the period since the 1995 Review and Extension Conference and on the implementation of the outcome of that conference, including the decisions on "Strengthening the Review Process for the Treaty" and on "Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament" and the "Resolution on the Middle East."

3. Specifically, the Secretariat of the United Nations is asked to prepare documents on the following topics to reflect developments related to the implementation of the Treaty and the outcome of the 1995 Review and Extension Conference, with a view to assuring that the purposes of the preamble and the provisions of the Treaty are being realized:

    (a) implementation of the tenth preambular paragraph (comprehensive nuclear test ban), reflecting developments since the 1995 Review and Extension Conference;

    (b) implementation of Articles I and II, drawing on the relevant discussions and results of all prior Review Conferences and taking into account recent and current developments in the area of nuclear nonproliferation. To the extent necessary, the paper would include cross-references to matters discussed in the paper by the IAEA on Article III;

    (c) implementation of Article VI, covering developments regarding cessation of the nuclear arms race, nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament;

    (d) implementation of Article VII, addressing proposals for establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones where they have not yet been established;

    (e) developments regarding security assurances, dealing with both positive and negative security assurances and reflecting developments in the Conference on Disarmament and the United Nations and proposals within the ambit of the NPT;

    (f) implementation of the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the NPT, reflecting developments since 1995 with a view to realizing fully the objectives of the resolution;

    (g) realization of the goals of the Treaty in various regions of the world.

4. The Preparatory Committee also asks that the following be made available to the 2000 Review Conference:

    (a) documentation prepared by the IAEA regarding its activities relevant to Articles III, IV and V;

    (b) a memorandum from the General Secretariat of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) regarding its activities;

    (c) a memorandum from the Secretariat of the South Pacific Forum regarding its activities related to the Rarotonga Treaty;

    (d) a memorandum from the Secretariat of the Organization of African Unity regarding its activities related to the Pelindaba Treaty; and

    (e) a memorandum from the depositary of the Bangkok Treaty regarding its activities related to that Treaty.