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  Library Treaties Non-Proliferation Treaty, Cluster 2 Saudi Arabia, May 13, 1999

Cluster 2

13 MAY 1999

IN THE NAME OF GOD, THE MOST MERCIFUL, THE MOST COMPASSIONATE.

MR. CHAIRMAN,

YOUR ESTEEMED AGENCY IS DISCUSSING TODAY THE ISSUE OF NUCLEAR FREE ZONES. I WOULD LIKE TO AFFIRM THAT THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA WELCOMES THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE TREATIES OF "ANTARCTICA", "ThATELOCO", "RAROTONGA",

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"BANGKOK", AND "PELINDABA", WHICH ESTABLISHED NUCLEAR FREE ZONES IN MANY REGIONS. THEY HAD A DIRECT EFFECT ON INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY.

MR. CHAIRMAN,

WHILE MANY REGIONS AROUND THE WORLD ARE ACHIEVING SUCCESS IN ESTABLISHING NUCLEAR FREE ZONES AS A RESULT OF THE CO-OPERATION AND A RECOGNITION OF THE NEED FOR PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE AMONG THE COUN'IRIES IN THOSE REGIONS, WE FIND THAT THE INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL EFFORTS TO MAKE THE MIDDLE EAST A NUCLEAR FREE ZONE ARE FRUIThESS. THIS IS THE RESULT OF THE REFUSAL OF ONE COUNTRY, ISRAEL, TO COOPERATE WITIl THESE EFFORTS. THUS, DESPITE THE MANY GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTIONS TO ESTABLISH THE MIDDLE EAST AS A NUCLEAR FREE ZONE SINCE 1974, THE LATEST OF WHICH IS A/RE5153/74, S/RES/487 (1981) AND S/RES/687 (1991) WHOSE PARAGRAPH 14 STIPULATES THAT IMPLEMENTING SECTION C REPRESENTS A STEP TOWARDS THE OBJECTIVE OF MAKING THE MIDDLE EAST A REGION FREE OF ALL WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION, YET NO ACTION WAS TAKEN TO IMPLEMENT THESE RESOLUTIONS BECAUSE OF THE OBJECTIONS OF ISRAEL.

MR. CHAIRMAN,

I AM PLEASED TO REPORT THAT MEMBER STATES OF THE ARAB LEAGUE ARE EXERTING GREAT EFFORTS SINCE 1994 THROUGH A TECIINICAL COMMITTEE IN THE FIELDS OF NUCLEAR, CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS. THIS COMMITTEE HAS PREPARED A DRAFT TREATY TO MAKE THE MIDDLE EAST FREE OF ALL WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION.

MR. CHAIRMAN,

ISRAEL CONTINUES TO REFUSE TO JOIN THE NUCLEAR NON PROLIFERATION TREATY AND TO SUBJECT ITS NUCLEAR FACILITIES TO INSPECTION BY THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY. THUS, IT IS THE ONLY COUNTRY IN THE MIDDLE EAST WHICH HAS NUCLEAR PROGRAMS THAT ARE NOT SUBJECT TO INTERNATIONAL INSPECTION. THIS IS A VERY DANGEROUS SITUATION THAT AFFECTS SECURJTY AND STABILITY IN THE REGION AND THE WORLD AT LARGE. IT IS REGRETTABLE THAT THERE IS AN INTERNATIONAL CONSENSUS, AND REGIONAL DESIRE TO MAKE THE MIDDLE EAST A NUCLEAR FREE ZONE, WHILE ISRAEL STANDS AS AN OBSTACLE AGAINST THE WISHES OF THE PEOPLE IN THE REGION WHO ASPIRE TO LIVE IN AN AREA THAT IS FREE FROM NUCLEAR TERROR.

THANK YOU, MR. CHAIRMAN.