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  LIbrary Treaties Non-Proliferation Treaty, Working Paper, 1999

Working Paper submitted by Canada

NPT/CONF.2000/PC.III/4

Proposed paragraphs on substantive issues for incorporation in the final report of the third session of the Preparatory Committee

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Purpose:

The purpose of this paper is to renew and update Canada's 1998 proposal that separate Preparatory Committee sessions of the Strengthened Review Process should be able to treat on the basis of consensus timely, high priority issues pertaining to the functioning and implementation of the provisions of the Treaty.

1 . In 1998, Canada proposed and worked with a number of other delegations n such statements concerning: Security Assurances; The Resolution on the Middle East; FMCT; Non-Proliferation; Nuclear Disarmament; CTBT; and Safeguards.

2. We continue to consider that consensus paragraphs of this nature would contribute to strengthening further the Review Process by enhancing its credibility and vitality and by increasing its visibility.

Proposals in 1999:

The following proposals are put forward for consideration and decision:

Substantive Issues

States parties participating in the Third Session of the NPT Preparatory Committee, following consideration of a number of important issues, wish to highlight the following views, agreed by consensus:

Non-Proliferation:

The Committee noted the continuing risks to international peace and security by nuclear proliferation and re-emphasized the urgency and importance of achieving the universality of the Treaty, particularly by the accession to the Treaty at the earliest possible date of those States possessing nuclear capabilities not yet party to the Treaty. States parties renewed their commitments to make determined efforts to achieve this goal. They also supported proposals to establish internationally recognized nuclear-weapon4ree zones in parts of the world where they do not exist, such as the Middle East and South Asia, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the regions concerned as a measure towards the strengthening of the nuclear non-proliferation regime and to realizing the objectives of nuclear disarmament. [1998]

Nuclear Tests:

The States parties, having condemned and/or strongly deplored nuclear tests carried out by two states in 1998, remain convinced that the cessation of all nuclear testing will contribute to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects, to the process of nuclear disarmament leading to the ultimate objective of the complete elimination of nuclear weapons and therefore to the further enhancement of international peace and security.

The States parties stress the crucial importance of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty to the international regime on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and as essential foundations for the pursuit of nuclear disarmament.

They urge all States that have not yet done so to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to sign and ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty without delay and without conditions.

Nuclear Disarmament:

During its third session, the Committee continued its consideration of different concepts, approaches, and elements concerning nuclear disarmament. The States Parties reaffirmed that their undertakings with regard to nuclear disarmament as set out in the Treaty should be fulfilled with determination. The nuclear-weapon States reaffirmed their commitment as stated in Article VI of the Treaty, to pursue in good faith negotiations on effective measures related to nuclear disarmament. A range of views and proposals were put forward concerning this high priority aspect of the NPT.

The Committee focused on one particularly timely dimension of this issue and noted during its discussions concerning the implementation of Article VI of the Treaty, that the START process, as a key element in systematic and progressive efforts toward the ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons, must be pursued energetically and diligently. States parties participating in the Committee urged the United States of America and the Russian Federation to take all steps necessary to approve and implement as quickly as possible START II and associated agreements and undertakings. These States parties also noted the importance of the 'Joint Statement on Parameters on Future Reductions in Nuclear Forces' signed by Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin on March 21, 1997, which set out parameters for negotiations on a START III agreement. They equally urged the two States parties concerned to act as soon as possible on the implementation of that Joint Statement. Finally, States parties expressed the view that this process of negotiated nuclear weapon reductions and transparency measures should be expanded at an appropriate point in the near future to include all five nuclear-weapon States parties. (1998; slightly amended)

CTBT:

The Committee, noting the progress made by the CTBT Provisional Technical Secretariat in Vienna in implementing various provisions of the Treaty, as well as noting the continuing uncertainty as to the Treaty's prospects for entry-into-force, expressed the view that Article XIV, paragraph 2, of the Treaty should be fully and effectively implemented. They welcomed initial steps being taken in that regard. [1998, slightly amended]

FMCT:

States parties welcomed the Decision (CD/1 547 of 12 August 1998) and associated Presidential Statement (CD/1 548 of 12 August 1998) of the Conference on Disarmament establishing, under item 1 of the agenda entitled "Cessation of the nuclear arms race and nuclear disarmament", an ad hoc committee to negotiate, on the basis of the report of its Special Coordinator (CD/1299) and the mandate contained therein, a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. They urged the Conference on Disarmament to act quickly to re-establish this ad hoc committee as soon as possible during its 1999 session with a view to facilitating early conclusion of these negotiations. [New]

Enhanced IAEA Safeguards:

The Committee noted the support of States parties present for early conclusion by all States of Protocols Additional to their respective Safeguards Agreements. They welcomed the conclusion to date of such Protocols by 40 States and urged that the maximum possible number of such Protocols Additional be concluded by the 2000 NPT Review Conference. [1998, slightly amended]

Note: Additional paragraphs along these lines could be agreed by consensus (e.g. NSAs, and the resolution on the Middle East).