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  Library Treaties Non-Proliferation Treaty, Review Conference, February 1, 1995

Background Paper Prepared by the Secretariat
of the IAEA (Annexes)

NPT/CONF.1995/7/Part I
1 February 1995
Original: ENGLISH

Annex I

Growth in the number of States having safeguards agreements
in force with the Agency

1975 1980 1985 1990 1994
Total number of States with safeguards agreement in force 64 86 96 104 118
Total number of States with NPT safeguards agreement in force *
46 69 78 86 102 Total number of safeguards agreements in force 106 139 163 177 199

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See Also
NPT 1995 Conference

Total number of NPT safeguards agreements in force * 46 65 74 81 94

* The number of NPT safeguards agreements in force differs from the number of States having NPT safeguards agreements in force because in some cases one agreement can apply to more than one State (e.g. EURATOM agreement). Details can be found in Annex 2.


Annex 2
Situation with respect to agreements between the Agency and non-nuclear-weapon States in
connection with NPT

Status as at 31 December 1994


NNWS which have signed, Date of ratification, Safeguards agreement with INFCIRC
ratified, acceded to or accession or the Agency
succeeded to NPT a succession a
(1) (2) (3) (4)
_ Afghanistan 4 February 1970 In force: 20 February 1978 257
Albanian 12 September 1990
Antigua and Barbuda b 1 November 1981 Signed: 1 February 1990 ...
Armenia 15 July 1993 In force: 5 May 1994 455
Australia 23 January 1973 In force: 10 July 1974 217

Austria 27 June 1969 In force: 23 July 1972 156
Azerbaijan 22 September 1992
Bahamas 10 July 1973
Bahrain 3 November 1988
Bangladesh 27 September 1979 In force: 11 June 1982 301

Barbados 21 February 1980
Belarus 22 July 1993 Approved: 12 September 1994 ...
Belgium 2 May 1975 In force: 21 February 1977 193
Belize 9 August 1985 Signed : 13 August 1992 ...
Benin 31 October 1972

Bhutan 23 May 1985 In force: 24 October 1989 371
Bolivia b 26 May 1970 Signed: 23 August 1974 ...
Bosnia Herzegovina 15 August 1994
Botswana 28 April 1969
Brunei Darussalam 25 March 1985 In force: 4 November 1987 365

Bulgaria 5 September 1969 In force: 29 February 1972 178
Burkina Faso 3 March 1970
Burundi 19 March 1971
Cambodia 2 June 1972
Cameroon 8 January 1969 Signed: 21 May 1992 ...

Canada 8 January 1969 In force: 21 February 1972 164
Cape Verde 24 October 1979
Central African Republic 25 October 1970
Chad 10 March 1971
Colombiao 8 April 1986

Congo 23 October 1978
Costa Rica b 3 March 1970 In force: 22 November 1979 278
Côte d'Ivoire 6 March 1973 In force: 8 September 1983 309
Croatia c 29 June 1992 In force: 28 December 1973 204
Cyprus 10 February 1970 In force: 26 January 1973 189

Czech Republic d 1 January 1993 In force: 3 March 1972 173
Dem.People's Rep. of Korea 12 December 1985 In force: 10 April 1992 403
Denmark e 3 January 1969 In force: 21 February 1977 193
Dominica 10 August 1984 Approved: 12 September 1994 ...
Dominican Republic b 24 July 1971 In force: 11 October 1973 201
Ecuador b 7 March 1969 In force: 10 March 1975 231
Egypt 26 February 1981 In force: 30 June 1982 302
El Salvador b 11 July 1972 In force: 22 April 1975 232
Equatorial Guinea 1 November 1984 Approved: 13 June 1986 ...
Estonia 31 January 1992 Approved: 24 February 1992 ...

Ethiopia 5 February 1970 In force: 2 December 1977 261
Fiji 14 July 1972 In force: 22 March 1973 192
Finland 5 February 1969 In force: 9 February 1972 155
Gabon 19 February 1974 Signed: 3 December 1979 ...
Gambia 12 May 1975 In force: 8 August 1978 277

Georgia 7 March 1994
Germany f 2 May 1975 In force: 21 February 1977 193
Ghana 5 May 1970 In force: 17 February 1975 226
Greece g 11 March 1970 Accession:17 December 1981 193
Grenada 19 August 1974

Guatemala b 22 September 1970 In force: 1 February 1982 299
Guinea 29 April 1985
Guinea-Bissau 20 August 1976
Guyana 19 October 1993
Haiti b 2 June 1970 Signed: 6 January 1975 ...

Holy See 25 February 1971 In force: 1 August 1972 187
Honduras b 16 May 1973 In force: 18 April 1975 235
Hungary 27 May 1969 In force: 30 March 1972 174
Iceland 18 July 1969 In force: 16 October 1974 215
Indonesia 12 July 1979 In force: 14 July 1980 283
Iran, Islamic Republic of 2 February 1970 In force: 15 May 1974 214
Iraq 29 October 1969 In force: 29 February 1972 172
Ireland 1 July 1968 In force: 21 February 1977 193
Italy 2 May 1975 In force: 21 February 1977 193
Jamaica b 5 March 1970 In force: 6 November 1978 265

Japan 8 June 1976 In force: 2 December 1977 255
Jordan 11 February 1970 In force: 21 February 1978 258
Kazakhstan 14 February 1994 Signed: 26 July 1994 ...
Kenya 11 June 1970 Signed: 26 July 1994 ...
Kiribati 18 April 1985 In force: 19 December 1990 390

Korea, Republic of 23 April 1975 In force: 14 November 1975 236
Kuwait 17 November 1989
Kyrgystan 5 July 1994
Lao People's Dem. Republic 20 February 1970 Signed: 22 November 1991 ...
Latvia 31 January 1992 In force: 21 December 1993 434

Lebanon 15 July 1970 In force: 5 March 1973 191
Lesotho 20 May 1970 In force: 12 June 1973 199
Liberia 5 March 1970
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 26 May 1975 In force: 8 July 1980 282
Liechtenstein 20 April 1978 In force: 4 October 1979 275
Lithuania 23 September 1991 In force: 15 October 1992 413
Luxembourg 2 May 1975 In force: 21 February 1977 193
Madagascar 8 October 1970 In force: 14 June 1973 200
Malawi 18 February 1986 In force: 3 August 1992 409
Malaysia 5 March 1970 In force: 29 February 1972 182
Maldives 7 April 1970 In force: 2 October 1977 253

Mali 10 February 1970
Malta 6 February 1970 In force: 13 November 1990 387
Mauritania 26 October 1993
Mauritius 25 April 1969 In force: 31 January 1973 190
Mexico b 21 January 1969 In force: 14 September 1973 197

Moldova 11 October 1994
Mongolia 14 May 1969 In force: 5 September 1972 188
Morocco 27 November 1970 In force: 18 February 1975 228
Mozambique 4 September 1990
Myanmar 2 December 1992
Namibia 2 October 1992
Nauru 7 June 1982 In force: 13 April 1984 317
Nepal 5 January 1970 In force: 22 June 1972 186
Netherlands h 2 May 1975 In force: 21 February 1977 193
New Zealand i 10 September 1969 In force: 29 February 1972 185

Nicaragua b 6 March 1973 In force: 29 December 1976 246
Niger 9 October 1992
Nigeria 27 September 1968 In force: 29 February 1988 358
Norway 5 February 1969 In force: 1 March 1972 177
Panamap 13 January 1977 Signed: 22 December 1988 ...

Papua New Guinea 25 January 1982 In force: 13 October 1983 312
Paraguay b 4 February 1970 In force: 20 March 1979 279
Peru b 3 March 1970 In force: 1 August 1979 273
Philippines 5 October 1972 In force: 16 October 1974 216
Poland 12 June 1969 In force: 11 October 1972 179

Portugal j 15 December 1977 Accession: 1 July 1986 193
Qatar 3 April 1989
Romania 4 February 1970 In force: 27 October 1972 180
Rwanda 20 May 1975
St. Kitts and Nevis 22 March 1993 Approved: 12 September 1994 ...

St.Lucia 28 December 1979 In force: 2 February 1990 379
St.Vincent & the Grenadines 6 November 1984 In force: 8 January 1992 400
Samoa 17 March 1975 In force: 22 January 1979 268
San Marino 10 August 1970 Approved: 23 February 1977 ...
Sao Tome & Principe 20 July 1983

Saudi Arabia 3 October 1988
Senegal 17 December 1970 In force: 14 January 1980 276
Seychelles 12 March 1985
Sierra Leone 26 February 1975 Signed: 10 November 1977 ...
Singapore 10 March 1976 In force: 18 October 1977 259
Slovak Republic k 1 January 1993 In force: 3 March 1972 173
Slovenia l 7 April 1992 In force: 28 December 1973 204
Solomon Islands 17 June 1981 In force: 17 June 1993 420
Somalia 5 March 1970
South Africa 10 July 1991 In force: 16 September 1991 394

Spain 5 November 1987 Accession: 5 April 1989 193
Sri Lanka 5 March 1979 In force: 6 August 1984 320
Sudan 31 October 1973 In force: 7 January 1977 245
Suriname b 30 June 1976 In force: 2 February 1979 269
Swaziland 11 December 1969 In force: 28 July 1975 227

Sweden 9 January 1970 In force: 14 April 1975 234
Switzerland 9 March 1977 In force: 6 September 1978 264
Syrian Arab Republic 24 September 1969 In force: 18 May 1992 407
Thailand 7 December 1972 In force: 16 May 1974 241
Togo 26 February 1970 Signed: 29 November 1990 ...

Tonga 7 July 1971 In force: 18 November 1993 426
Trinidad and Tobago b 30 October 1986 In force: 4 November 1992 414
Tunisia 26 February 1970 In force: 13 March 1990 381
Turkey 17 April 1980 In force: 1 September 1981 295
Turkmenistan 29 September 1994

Tuvalu 19 January 1979 In force: 15 March 1991 391
Uganda 20 October 1982
Ukraineq 5 December 1994
United Repulic of Tanzania 7 June 1991 Signed: 26 August 1992 ...
Uruguay b 31 August 1970 In force: 17 September 1976 157

Uzbekistan 7 May 1992 Approved: 21 February 1994 ...
Venezuela b 26 September 1975 In force: 11 March 1982 300
Viet Nam 14 June 1982 In force: 23 February 1990 376
Yemen, Republic of 1 June 1979
Yugoslavia(Serbia and
Montenegro)Federal Republic of m 3 March 1970 In force: 28 December 1973 204

Zaire 4 August 1970 In force: 9 November 1972 183
Zambia 15 May 1991 In force: 22 September 1994 456
Zimbabwe 26 September 1991


a The information reproduced in columns (1) and (2) was provided to the Agency by depositary Governments of NPT, and an entry in column (1) does not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. The Table does not contain information relating to the participation of Taiwan, China in NPT.

b The relevant safeguards agreement refers to both NPT and the Tlatelolco Treaty.

c When Croatia became an independent State, it succeeded to the safeguards agreement concluded with the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (INFCIRC/204). A new safeguards agreement concluded with Croatia was approved by the Board of Governors on 8 June 1994. The agreement has been signed by Croatia and entered into force on 19 January 1995.

d The NPT safeguards agreement concluded with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (INFCIRC/173), which entered into force on 3 March 1972, continues to be applied in the Czech Republic to the extent relevant to the territory of the Czech Republic.

e The NPT safeguards agreement with Denmark (INFCIRC/176), in force since 1 March 1972, has been replaced by the agreement of 5 April 1973 between the non-nuclear-weapon States of EURATOM, EURATOM and the Agency (INFCIRC/193) but still applies to the Faroe Islands. Upon Greenland's secession from EURATOM as of 31 January 1985, the Agreement between the Agency and Denmark (INFCIRC/176) re-entered into force for Greenland.

f The safeguards agreement of 7 March 1972 concluded with the German Democratic Republic (INFCIRC/181) is no longer in force with effect from 3 October 1990 on which date the German Democratic Republic acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany.

g The application of Agency safeguards in Greece under the agreement INFCIRC/166, provisionally in force since 1 March 1972, was suspended on 17 December 1981, at which date Greece acceded to the agreement of 5 April 1973 (INFCIRC/193) between the non-nuclear-weapon States of EURATOM, EURATOM and the Agency.

h An agreement had also been concluded in respect of the Netherlands Antilles (INFCIRC/229). This agreement entered into force on 5 June 1975.

i The safeguards agreement with New Zealand (INFCIRC/185) also applies to Cook Island and Niue.

j The NPT safeguards agreement with Portugal (INFCIRC/272), in force since 14 June 1979, was suspended on 1 July 1986, on which date Portugal acceded to the agreement between the non-nuclear-weapon States of EURATOM, EURATOM and the Agency of 5 April 1973 (INFCIRC/193).

k The NPT safeguards agreement concluded with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (INFCIRC/173), which entered into force on 3 March 1972, continues to be applied in the Slovak Republic to the extent relevant to the territory of the Slovak Republic.

l When Slovenia became an independent State, it succeeded to the safeguards agreement concluded with the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (INFCIRC/204). A new safeguards agreement concluded with Slovenia was approved by the Board of Governors on 8 June 1994. Slovenia has not yet signed the agreement.

m The NPT safeguards agreement concluded with the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (INFCIRC/204), which entered into force on 28 December 1973, continues to be applied in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) to the extent relevant to the territory of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro).

n A sui generis comprehensive safeguards agreement entered into force for this State on 26 March 1988 (INFCIRC/359).

o A safeguards agreement pursuant to the Treaty of Tlatelolco entered into force for Colombia on 22 December 1982 (INFCIRC/306).

p A safeguards agreement pursuant to the Treaty of Tlatelolco entered into force for Panama on 23 March 1984 (INFCIRC/316).

q Ukraine has concluded a sui generis comprehensive safeguards agreement which entered into force on 13 January 1995 (INFCIRC/462) and will remain in force until superseded by a new safeguards agreement to be concluded pursuant to NPT.


Annex 3
States in respect of which the required safeguards agreement
with the Agency in connection with NPT has not yet entered into force

Status as at 31 December 1994
_
Non-nuclear-weapon States Date of ratification, Status of negotiation Date agreement
party to NPT without accession or should enter
safeguards agreement succession to NPT into force
in force a
(1) (2) (3) (4)
_

Albania b 12 September 1990 12 March 1992
Antigua and Barbuda c 1 November 1981 Signed 1 February 1990 1 May 1983
Azerbaijan 22 September 1992 22 March 1994
Bahamas 10 July 1973 10 January 1975
Bahrain 3 November 1988 3 May 1990

Barbados 21 February 1980 21 August 1981
Belarus 22 July 1993 Approved 12 September 1994 22 January 1995
Belize 9 August 1985 Signed 13 August 1992 9 February 1987
Benin 31 October 1972 30 April 1974
Bolivia c 26 May 1970 Signed 23 August 1974 5 March 1972

Botswana 28 April 1969 5 March 1972
Burkina Faso 3 March 1970 5 March 1972
Burundi 19 March 1971 19 September 1972
Cambodia 2 June 1972 2 December 1973
Cameroon 8 January 1969 Signed 21 May 1992 5 March 1972

Cape Verde 24 October 1979 24 April 1981
Central African Republic 25 October 1970 25 April 1972
Chad 10 March 1971 10 September 1972
Colombia d 8 April 1986 8 October 1987
Congo 23 October 1978 23 April 1980

Dominica 10 August 1984 Approved 12 September 1994 10 February 1986
Equatorial Guinea 1 November 1984 Approved 13 June 1986 1 May 1986
Estonia 31 January 1992 Approved 24 February 1992 31 July 1993
Gabon 19 February 1974 Signed 3 December 1979 19 August 1975
Georgia 7 March 1994 7 September 1995

Grenada 19 August 1974 19 February 1976
Guinea 29 April 1985 29 October 1986
Guinea-Bissau 20 August 1976 20 February 1978
Guyana 19 October 1993 19 April 1995
Haiti c 2 June 1970 Signed 6 January 1975 2 June 1972

Kazakhstan 14 February 1994 Signed 26 July 1994 14 August 1995
Kenya 11 June 1970 11 June 1972
Kuwait 17 November 1989 17 May 1991
Kyrgystan 5 July 1994 5 January 1996
Lao People's Democratic Rep. 20 February 1970 Signed 22 November 1991 5 March 1972
Liberia 5 March 1970 5 March 1972
Mali 10 February 1970 5 March 1972
Mauritania 26 October 1993 26 April 1995
Moldova 11 October 1994 11 April 1996
Mozambique 4 September 1990 4 March 1992

Myanmar 2 December 1992 2 June 1994
Namibia 2 October 1992 7 April 1994
Niger 9 October 1992 9 April 1994
Panama c, d 13 January 1977 Signed 22 December 1988 13 July 1978
Qatar 3 April 1989 3 October 1990

Rwanda 20 May 1975 20 November 1976
St. Kitts and Nevis 22 March 1993 Approved 12 September 1994 22 September 1994
San Marino 10 August 1970 Approved 23 February 1977 5 March 1972
Sao Tome and Principe 20 July 1983 20 January 1985
Saudi Arabia 3 October 1988 3 April 1990

Seychelles 12 March 1985 12 September 1986
Sierra Leone 26 February 1975 Signed 10 November 1977 26 August 1976
Somalia 5 March 1970 5 March 1972
Togo 26 February 1970 Signed 29 November 1990 5 March 1972
Turkmenistan 29 September 1994 29 March 1996

Uganda 20 October 1982 20 April 1984
Ukrainee 5 December 1994 5 June 1996
United Republic of Tanzania 7 June 1991 Signed 26 August 1992 7 December 1992
Uzbekistan 7 May 1992 Approved 21 February 1994 7 November 1993
Yemen, Republic of 1 June 1979 1 December 1980
Zimbabwe 26 September 1991 26 March 1993

a The information reproduced in columns (1) and (2) was provided to the Agency by the depository Governments of NPT, and an entry in column (1) does not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. The Table does not contain information relating to the participation of Taiwan, China, in the NPT.

b A sui generis comprehensive safeguards agreement entered into force for this State on 26 March 1988 (INFCIRC/359).

c The relevant safeguards agreement refers to both the NPT and the Treaty of Tlatelolco.

d A comprehensive safeguards agreement pursuant to the Treaty of Tlatelolco is in force with this State.

e Ukraine has concluded a sui generis comprehensive safeguards agreement which entered into force on 13 January 1995 (INFCIRC/462) and will remain in force until superseded by a new safeguards agreement to be concluded pursuant to NPT.
Annex 4
STATES OR GROUPS OF STATES PARTY TO THE NPT WHICH HAVE AGREED TO MODIFY SUBSIDIARY ARRANGEMENTS REGARDING THE EARLY PROVISION TO THE IAEA OF INFORMATION ON THE DESIGN OF NEW AND MODIFIED NUCLEAR FACILITIES, AS APPROVED BY THE IAEA BOARD OF GOVERNORS IN FEBRUARY 1992.

Argentina
Australia
Austria1
Bulgaria
Canada
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
EURATOM2
Finland1
Hungary
Indonesia
Jamaica
Libya
Mexico
Norway
Philippines
Romania
South Africa
Sweden1
Switzerland
Turkey
Venezuela
Zaire
NOTE: Subsidiary Arrangements for States joining the NPT since July 1992 will include these provisions.
1 Austria, Finland and Sweden are member states of EURATOM as of 1 January 1995.

2 Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain.

Annex 5

STATES PARTY TO THE NPT CURRENTLY PARTICIPATING IN THE REPORTING SCHEME, ENDORSED BY THE IAEA BOARD OF GOVERNORS, ON IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL AND OF CERTAIN EQUIPMENT AND NON-NUCLEAR MATERIAL USED IN THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY.

COUNTRY
AUSTRALIA
AUSTRIA
BELARUS
BELGIUM
BULGARIA
CANADA
CHINA
DENMARK
ECUADOR
FINLAND
FRANCE
GERMANY
GHANA
GREECE
HUNGARY
INDONESIA
IRELAND
ITALY
JAPAN
KENYA
LUXEMBOURG
MEXICO
MYANMAR
NETHERLANDS
NEW ZEALAND
NIGER
NORWAY
PHILIPPINES
POLAND
PORTUGAL
QATAR
ROMANIA
RUSSIAN FED.
SLOVENIA
SPAIN
SWEDEN
SWITZERLAND
TURKEY
UKRAINE
UNITED KINGDOM
USA
ZAIRE
EUROPEAN UNION

Annex 6

Simplified designation procedures for Agency safeguards inspectors
The following States party to the NPT have accepted simplified designation procedures:

Australia
Austria
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Canada

Egypt
Finland
France
Hungary
Indonesia

Islamic Republic of Iran
Malaysia
Mexico
Norway
Poland

Romania
Russian Federation
Slovak Republic
Switzerland
Thailand

Turkey
United States of America
Uruguay