Go to Home Page
  Library Treaties Non-Proliferation Treaty, Review Conference, Final Document, Part I

NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I)

1995 Review and Extension Conference
of the Parties to the
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation
of Nuclear Weapons

Final Document

Part I

Organization and work of the Conference
New York, 1995

NOTE

Printer Friendly



See Also
NPT 1995 Conference

The Final Document of the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons consists of three parts:

I. Organization and Work of the Conference (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I))

II. Documents issued at the Conference (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (PartII))

III. Summary Records and Verbatim Records (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part III))

Part I

ORGANIZATION AND WORK OF THE CONFERENCE
CONTENTS

Paragraphs

Introduction ............................................... 1 - 4

Organization of the Conference ............................. 5 - 12

Participation in the Conference ............................ 13 - 20

Financial arrangements ..................................... 21

Work of the Conference ..................................... 22 - 25

Documentation .............................................. 26

Conclusions of the Conference .............................. 27 - 33

Annex. Decisions and resolution adopted by the Conference .............

Introduction

1. At its forty-seventh session, the General Assembly of the United Nations, in its resolution 47/52 A of 9 December 1992, took note of the decision of the parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, following appropriate consultations, to form a preparatory committee for a conference to review the operation of the Treaty and to decide on its extension, as called for in article X, paragraph 2, and also as provided for in article VIII, paragraph 3, of the Treaty.

2. The Preparatory Committee held four sessions: the first in New York from 10 to 14 May 1993, the second in New York from 17 to 21 January 1994, the third in Geneva from 12 to 16 September 1994 and the fourth in New York from 23 to 27 January 1995. Progress reports on the first three sessions of the Committee were issued as documents NPT/CONF.1995/PC.I/2, NPT/CONF.1995/PC.II/3 and NPT/CONF.1995/PC.III/15, respectively.

3. Pursuant to the request of the Preparatory Committee, the United Nations Secretariat, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean and the South Pacific Forum prepared a number of background papers, which were submitted to the Conference as background documents as follows:

(a) By the United Nations Secretariat:

Developments since the Fourth Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons towards the realization of the purposes of the tenth preambular paragraph of the Treaty (NPT/CONF.1995/2)

Implementation of articles I and II of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT/CONF.1995/3)
Developments since the Fourth Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons relating to article VI of the Treaty (NPT/CONF.1995/4)
Implementation of article VII of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT/CONF.1995/5 and Corr.1)
Developments with regard to effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (NPT/CONF.1995/6)
Other activities relevant to article III (NPT/CONF.1995/7/Part II)

(b) By the International Atomic Energy Agency:

Activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency relevant to article III of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT/CONF.1995/7/Part I)

Activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency relevant to article IV of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT/CONF.1995/8)

Activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency relevant to article V of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT/CONF.1995/9)

(c) By the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean:

Memorandum from the General Secretariat of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean prepared for the 1995 Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT/CONF.1995/10 and Add.1)

(d) By the South Pacific Forum secretariat:

South Pacific Nuclear-Free-Zone Treaty (NPT/CONF.1995/11)

4. The final report of the Preparatory Committee for the 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT/CONF.1995/1 and Corr.1) was issued as a document of the Conference prior to its opening. The report included, inter alia, the provisional agenda for the Conference, a proposed allocation of items to the Main Committees of the Conference, the draft rules of procedure and a schedule for the division of costs of the Conference.

Organization of the Conference

5. In accordance with the decision of the Preparatory Committee, the Conference was convened on 17 April 1995 at United Nations Headquarters in New York. After the opening of the Conference by Mr. Pasi Patokallio (Finland), Chairman of the fourth session of the Preparatory Committee, the Conference elected by acclamation as its President Mr. Jayantha Dhanapala (Sri Lanka). The Conference also unanimously confirmed the nomination of Mr. Prvoslav Davinic, Director of the United Nations Centre for Disarmament Affairs, as Secretary-General of the Conference.

6. At the same meeting, Mr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary-General of the United Nations, and Mr. Hans Blix, Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, addressed the Conference. Mr. Warren Christopher, Secretary of State of the United States of America, welcomed the participants on behalf of the host country.

7. At the opening meeting, the Conference adopted its agenda and the allocation of items to the Main Committees of the Conference as proposed by the Preparatory Committee (NPT/CONF.1995/1 and Corr.1).

8. At its 16th plenary meeting, on 10 May 1995, the Conference adopted the rules of procedure (NPT/CONF.1995/28).

9. The rules of procedure provided for the establishment of three Main Committees, a General Committee, a Drafting Committee and a Credentials Committee.

10. The Conference unanimously elected the Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of the three Main Committees, the Drafting Committee and the Credentials Committee, as follows:
Main Committee I Chairman Mr. Isaac E. Ayewah (Nigeria)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Richard Starr (Australia)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Anatolia M. Zlenko (Ukraine)

Main Committee II Chairman Mr. André Erdös (Hungary)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Enrique de la Torre (Argentina)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Rajab Sukayri (Jordan)

Main Committee III Chairman Mr. Jaap Ramaker (Netherlands)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Yanko Yanes (Bulgaria)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Gustavo Alvarez Goyoaga (Uruguay)

Drafting Committee Chairman Mr. Tadeusz Strulak (Poland)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Nabil Fahmy (Egypt)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Pasi Patokallio (Finland)

Credentials Committee Chairman Mr. Andelfo Garcia (Colombia)
Vice-Chairman Mr. Alyaksandr Sychou (Belarus)
Vice-Chairperson Ms. Mary Elizabeth Hoinkes (United States of America)

11. The Conference also unanimously elected 33 Vice-Presidents from the following States parties: Algeria, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, China, Congo, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Japan, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Norway, Peru, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, South Africa, Sweden, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America and Venezuela.

12. The Conference appointed representatives from the following States parties as members of the Credentials Committee: Armenia, Germany, Italy, Lesotho, Lithuania and Myanmar.

Participation in the Conference

13. One hundred and seventy-five States parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons participated in the Conference as follows: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zaire, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

14. In accordance with subparagraph 1 (a) of rule 44, 10 States not parties to the Treaty, namely Angola, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Djibouti, Israel, Oman, Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates and Vanuatu, attended the Conference as observers.

15. In accordance with subparagraph 1 (b) of rule 44, Palestine was granted observer status.

16. The United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency participated in the Conference in accordance with paragraph 2 of rule 44.

17. In accordance with paragraph 3 of rule 44, the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean, the European Union, the League of Arab States, the South Pacific Forum, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the North Atlantic Assembly, the Organization of African Unity and the Organization of the Islamic Conference were granted observer agency status.

18. One hundred and ninety-five research institutes and non-governmental organizations attended the Conference in accordance with paragraph 4 of rule 44.

19. A list of all delegations to the Conference, including States parties, observers, the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency, observer agencies and research institutes and non-governmental organizations, is contained in part II of the present document.

20. The Credentials Committee held four meetings and, on 9 May 1995, adopted its report to the Conference on the credentials of States parties (NPT/CONF.1995/CC/1). At its 16th plenary meeting, on 10 May, the Conference took note of the report.

Financial arrangements

21. At its 16th plenary meeting, the Conference decided to adopt the cost-sharing formula proposed by the Preparatory Committee in the appendix to rule 12 of the rules of procedure (NPT/CONF.1995/28). The final schedule of costs as contained in document NPT/CONF.1995/29 was based on the actual participation of States parties in the Conference.

Work of the Conference

22. The Conference held 19 plenary meetings between 17 April and 12 May 1995, when it concluded its work.

23. The general debate in plenary, in which 116 States parties took part, was held from 18 to 25 April.

24. Main Committee I held 12 meetings between 19 April and 6 May 1995. Its report (NPT/CONF.1995/MC.I/1) was submitted to the Conference at the 15th plenary meeting, on 8 May 1995. Main Committee II held 10 meetings between 19 April and 5 May 1995. Its report (NPT/CONF.1995/MC.II/1) was submitted to the Conference at the 14th plenary meeting, on 5 May 1995. Main Committee III held 6 meetings between 20 April and 5 May 1995. Its report (NPT/CONF.1995/MC.III/1) was submitted to the Conference at the 14th plenary meeting, on 5 May 1995. The reports of the three Main Committees as submitted to the Conference constitute part of the Final Document.

25. The Drafting Committee met during the period 28 April to 12 May 1995. Its report (NPT/CONF.1995/DC/1) was submitted to the Conference at the 19th plenary meeting on 12 May 1995. At that meeting, the Conference took note of the report.

Documentation

26. A list of the documents of the Conference is contained in part II of the present document.

Conclusions of the Conference

27. At its 19th plenary meeting, on 12 May 1995, the Conference, notwithstanding extensive consultations and considerable effort, was unable to adopt a final declaration on the review of the operation of the Treaty.

28. In connection with agenda item 19, entitled "Decision on the extension of the Treaty as provided for in article X, paragraph 2", the Conference had before it the following proposals:

(a) A draft resolution (NPT/CONF.1995/L.1/Rev.1) submitted by Mexico;

(b) A draft decision (NPT/CONF.1995/L.2) submitted by Canada, on behalf of Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, the Central African Republic, Chad, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malta, the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco, Mongolia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of Moldova, Romania, the Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Tonga, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America and Uzbekistan. Subsequently, Guyana, Haiti, Nauru, Nepal, the Philippines, Suriname, Venezuela and Zaire joined in sponsoring the draft decision;

(c) A draft decision (NPT/CONF.1995/L.3) submitted by Indonesia, on behalf of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Indonesia, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Jordan, Malaysia, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Thailand and Zimbabwe. Subsequently, Ghana, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia joined in sponsoring the draft decision.

29. The Conference also had before it the following draft decisions proposed by the President:

(a) A draft decision (NPT/CONF.1995/L.4) entitled "Strengthening the review process for the Treaty";

(b) A draft decision (NPT/CONF.1995/L.5) entitled "Principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament";

(c) A draft decision (NPT/CONF.1995/L.6) entitled "Decision on the extension of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons".

30. At its 17th plenary meeting, on 11 May 1995, the Conference decided to take action on the three draft decisions proposed by the President as follows:

(a) NPT/CONF.1995/L.4 was adopted without a vote as decision 1;

(b) NPT/CONF.1995/L.5 was adopted without a vote as decision 2;

(c) NPT/CONF.1995/L.6 was adopted without a vote as decision 3.

The text of these decisions is contained in the annex to the present document.

31. Consequently, the sponsors of draft resolution NPT/CONF.1995/L.1/Rev.1 and of draft decisions NPT/CONF.1995/L.2 and NPT/CONF.1995/L.3 did not pursue action with regard to their specific proposals.

32. In connection with rule 24 of the rules of procedure, that is, submission of other proposals, the Conference had before it a draft resolution (NPT/CONF.1995/L.7) sponsored by Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen and a draft resolution (NPT/CONF.1995/L.8) sponsored by the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America.

33. At its 17th plenary meeting, the Conference adopted draft resolution NPT/CONF.1995/L.8, as orally amended, without a vote, as resolution 1. The text of the resolution is contained in the annex to the present document. The sponsors of draft resolution NPT/CONF.1995/L.7 did not pursue action with regard to their proposal.

ANNEX

Decisions and resolution adopted by the Conference

Decision 1 Strengthening the review process for the Treaty

Decision 2 Principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament

Decision 3 Extension of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Resolution on the Middle East