- (1) What does "LMFBR" stand for?
- (2) Sketch a LMFBR nuclear power plant and explain how it works (what is the function of each loop?).
- (3) Discuss the pros and cons of liquid sodium as the coolant in LMFBRs.
- (4) Discuss the pros and cons of a "plutonium-based energy economy."
- (5) According to Weinberg, how long will Phase I of the nuclear era last?
- (6) According to Weinberg, what are the advantages of breeders?
- (7) According to Weinberg, what are the five "issues" concerning breeders?
- (8) Explain the Phase II dilemma as presented by Weinberg.
- (9) What are the five characteristics of Phase II?
- (10) Explain the "Faustian bargain," as proposed by Weinberg.
- (1) Give the nuclear fusion reaction that powers our sun.
- (2) Give the nuclear fusion reaction for hydrogen bombs.
- (3) Name three fissile isotopes.
- (4) Give the nuclear process by which Pu-239 is produced when U-238 absorbs a neutron.
- (5) Define a supercritical chain reaction.
- (6) What are the critical masses for U-235 and Pu-239?
- (7) Given a sample of natural uranium with 1,000 atoms, how many on average would be U-235 atoms?
- (8) On average, how many neutrons are released per U-235 fission?
- (9) Name the four scientists who discovered nuclear fission.
- (10) Name two highly radioactive fission products that are harmful to humans.
Nuclear Power Plants
- (1) Define electrical energy usage in terms of power units.
- (2) What percentage of electrical energy was generated by nuclear power plants in the USA, France, and Japan during 1988?
- (3) How does a thermal power plant produce electricity?
- (4) What is the efficiency (in percent) of modern thermal power plants and where does the waste heat go?
- (5) Name the two neutron moderators used in the USA and Canadian nuclear power programs.
- (6) Explain how a SCRAM operation works and the special role of the control rods.
- (7) Sketch (block diagram) a boiling-water nuclear power plant and explain how it works (what is the function of each component?)
- (8) Sketch (block diagram) a pressurized-water nuclear power plant and explain how it works (how is the function of each loop?)
- (9) Discuss the implications of CANDU reactors with "continuous refueling."
- (10) Explain the role of heavy water in the nuclear weapons programs of Germany (circa 1943) and India (circa 1974).
Current Use of Nuclear Power
- (1) According to the 1962 AEC report, why was a national effort to support nuclear energy justifiable and necessary?
- (2) Explain the difference between a converter and a breeder reactor.
- (3) Describe the different stages in nuclear power plant design, leading from the first plants to "electricity too cheap to meter".
- (4) Describe the three different types of commercial nuclear power plants available today. Who sells what?
- (5) Describe France's approach to establishing a nuclear power industry.
- (6) Describe Germany's approach to establishing a nuclear power industry.
- (7) Describe the United States' approach to establishing a nuclear power industry.
- (8) Why did the British nuclear power industry falter?
- (9) What costs have not been taken into account when calculating the relative competitiveness of nuclear power?
- (10) What were the nuclear power planners concerned about in 1962? What problems
Safety and Nuclear Waste
- (1) Discuss the ramifications of the Three Mile Island accident.
- (2) Where, when, and what caused the accident at Chernobyl?
- (3) What is the purpose of the "containment structure" and why did it fail at Chernobyl?
- (4) What is a LOCA and if it happens, how can a meltdown be prevented?
- (5) How much plutonium does each 1,000 MW nuclear power plant produce per year?
- (6) Describe "reprocessing" with special emphasis on plutonium separation and the potential for diversion to weapons.
- (7) Currently, the USA plans to store nuclear waste where and how?
- (8) Describe the nuclear fuel cycle sequence.
- (9) Name the five known nuclear weapons nations who used Pu-239 in their first nuclear explosives.
- (10) Discuss the differences between HLW and LLW.
Nuclear Energy Accidents
- (1) Describe the sequence of events that led to the accident at Three Mile Island.
- (2) How did the company and the government react?
- (3) According to Weinberg, what is the Faustian bargain? Why is it still worth it?
- (4) According to Weinberg, what is the solution to the threat of accidents like those at Three Mile Island and at Chernobyl?
- (5) Were the Three Mile Island and Chernobyl accidents like the predicted "Maximum Credible Accidents"?
- (6) What does Weart mean by the "Reactor Wars"?
- (7) What was the Rasmussen Report?
- (8) What does Weart mean by "Its Political"?
- (9) Why is Whyl significant?
- (10) Essentially, what do you have to do to anything that has become radioactive, either through normal operation of a nuclear reactor or because of an accident?