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  Timeline of the Nuclear Age 1950s  1958

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A statue of Sadako Sasaki, holding a golden crane in outstretched hands, takes its place in Hiroshima Peace Park. Funds collected by Sadako’s friends and young people throughout Japan help build the monument. [see October 25, 1955]

The United States constructs a special concrete and steel bomb shelter in the hills of West Virginia for Congress to convene in during a nuclear war.

Linus Pauling and his wife Eva Helen Pauling present to United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold a "Petition to the United Nations Urging the International Agreement to Stop the Testing of Nuclear Bombs Be Made Now," signed by 11,021 scientists.

The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in the United Kingdom holds its first meeting.

A B-47 bomber accidentally drops a nuclear weapon over Mars Bluff, South Carolina. The conventional explosive trigger detonates, leaving a crater 75-feet wide and 35-feet deep.

The German Bundestag approves deployment of U.S. nuclear weapons in West Germany.

In the second Quemoy-Matau crisis with China, General Twining of U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff asks President Eisenhower to give the 7th Fleet Commander authority to order nuclear strikes against China. Eisenhower refuses.

The Soviet Union informs Eisenhower that they will come to China’s aid in the event of a U.S. nuclear attack on China.

The United States Navy recommends the use of nuclear weapons against China in the Taiwan Strait crisis. President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered the Navy, however, to use conventional weapons if the situation escalated.

The Soviet Union repeats its warning to the U.S. that it will come to China’s aid in the event of a U.S. nuclear attack on China.

President Dwight Eisenhower declares a moratorium on all nuclear testing with the understanding that the Soviet Union will also honor the moratorium. This moratorium will last until September 15, 1961.

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